Związek Patriotów Polskich

The Union of Polish Patriots (Związek Patriotów Polskich): political organisation set up by Stalin in January 1943, uniting Polish communists in the USSR. It was treated as a representation of Poland after the diplomatic relationships between the Polish government in London and USSR were suspended in April 1943. ZPP published a Polish newspaper, took over social welfare centres and schools, which were directed earlier by delegacies of Polish embassy, and organised conscription for Polish army, that is the First Tadeusz Kościuszko Division. In June 1943 during the convention in Moscow, the board of ZPP was choosen, the status was enacted and ideational declaration established. Wanda Wasilewska became the chairman, among the members were Stanisław Skrzeszewski, Stefan Jędrychowski, Włodzimierz Sokorski and Zygmunt Berling. In their manifesto the London government was denounced, as the successor of the Sanation; future democratisation of political system in Poland was announced along with the change of borders (the shift of west border to the Odra river, and the east border to the Bug river); and the alliance with USSR was supposed to be a base of foreign policy. In June 1944 ZPP subordinated itself to Krajowa Rada Narodowa (State National Council), which functioned in Poland, and co-formed Polski Komitet Wywolenia Narodowego (Polish Committee of National Liberation). After the war, it organised repatriation campaign from the USSR to Poland. It was dissolved in August 1946.

The term was created within the framework of the project Zapisywanie świata żydowskiego w Polsce [recording the Jewish environment in Poland], whose author is Anka Grupińska, a well-known Polish journalist and writer, specializing in the modern history of the Polish Jews. The project, initiated in 2006 by the Museum of the History of Polish Jews, consists in recording interviews with Polish Jews from all generations.
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