Ajzensztadt Dawid

Dawid Ajzensztadt - Personal data
Date of birth: 1889
Place of birth: Nasielsk
Date of death: 9th August 1942
Place of death: Treblinka
Occupation: choir conductor, composer
Related towns: Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki, Warsaw, Treblinka

Ajzensztadt Dawid (1889, Nasielsk – after 09 August 1942, Treblinka) – choir conductor, composer. He took singing lessons from cantor Lejzor Boruchowicz in Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki. He later continued his education in Memel and then in Riga (under the direction of Ephraim Shklar at the Riga Music School) and in Rostov upon Don, under Nikolai Heifec at the Music School of the Russian Empire Music Society. His last teacher was Witold Maliszewski, who gave him lessons in Warsaw after World War I. In the years 1921–1939, Ajzensztadt was the conductor of a 100-person boys’ and men’s choir of the Great Synagogue at Tłomackie Street in Warsaw.

The choir performed religious and secular songs at public concerts and in the Polish Radio. In 1935, the double choir took part in the staging of the opera Il Dibuk (“The Dybbuk”) by L. Rocca. In 1936, Ajzesztadt was appointed principal of the school for cantors at the Warsaw Music Institute. He also conducted the choir of the “Szul-Kult” Society for the Promotion of Jewish Education and Culture and the folk choir of the Kultur Lige. He also composed original pieces, but none of his works appeared in print and the manuscripts were lost.

Together with A. Prager, he started to publish the Algemayner muzik-leksikon, but only three books were issued. In 1939, his choir took part in the production of Yiddish-language film On A Heym, directed by Aleksander Marten with score by I. Szajewicz. During the German occupation, Ajzensztadt lived in the Warsaw Ghetto, where he made efforts to continue his career in music. On 9 August 1942, he and his family were taken to Umschlagplatz, from where the Germans transported him to the Treblinka II death camp.

Bibliography:

  • Ajzensztadt D., Prager A., Algemayner muzik-leksikon, Warsaw 1936.
  • Entsiklopedia shel galuyot. Sifri-zikhron lartsit ha-golah wedoti, ed. I. Grinbaum, Jerusalem – Tel Aviv 1953.
  • Fater I., Yiddishe muzik in Poyln zvishn beide welt-milkhomes, Tel-Aviv 1970.
  • Fuks M., “Straty osobowe żydowskiego środowiska muzycznego, Biuletyn Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego w Polsce 1978, no. 3-4.
  • Fuks M., Muzyka ocalona. Judaica polskie, Warsaw 1989.
  • Lerski T., Syrena Record – pierwsza polska wytwórnia fonograficzna 1904-1939, Warsaw 2002.
  • Neustadt M., Khurbn un oyfshtand fun Yidn in warshe, Tel Aviv 1948.
  • Stolnitz N., Negine in yiddishn lebn, Toronto 1957.
  • Turkow, Azoy iz es gewen, Buenos Aires 1948.
  • Turkow J., Farloshene shtern, Buenos Aires 1953.
  • Zylbercwejg Z., Leksikon fun yiddishn teater, vol. 1, New York 1931.

 

L.T. Błaszczyk, “Żydzi w kulturze muzycznej działający na ziemiach polskich w XIX i XX wieku”, a book published with the support of the Minister of Culture and National Heritage and the Association of the Jewish Historical Institute in Poland.

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