Aleksander Bieberstein (1889-1979): a doctor, a graduate of the University of Vienna. He worked as a military doctor, and then in the Social Insurance in Krakow. During World War II he stayed in the Krakow ghetto, where he founded and ran an isolation hospital, and then led the management of the Jewish Orphans Home by name of Rose Rockowa. He was a prisoner in the camps in Płaszów and Gross-Rosen. After the war he was the head of the Health Department of the Provincial People’s Council in Krakow. He immigrated to Israel in 1958. In 1959 he published the book “The Destruction of Jews in Krakow”.
The term was created within the framework of the project Zapisywanie świata żydowskiego w Polsce [recording the Jewish environment in Poland], whose author is Anka Grupińska, a well-known Polish journalist and writer, specializing in the modern history of the Polish Jews. The project, initiated in 2006 by the Museum of the History of Polish Jews, consists in recording interviews with Polish Jews from all generations.