Radek Karol

Karol Radek - Personal data
Date of birth: 21st October 1885
Place of birth: Lwów
Date of death: 19th May 1939
Place of death: Wierchnieuralsk
Occupation: działacz komunistyczny

Karol Radek (his actual name Karol Sobelsohn) – was a communist active in the Polish and German political movements before World War I and an international Communist leader after the Russian Revolution. Born on 31st October 1885 in Lwów. He completed historic studies at the Jagiellonian University. Between 1903-1904 he was a member of Polish Social Democratic Party of Galicia and Śląsk Cieszyński (Cieszyn Silesia) and in 1904 he joined the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania, where he closely cooperated with Róża Luksemburg. Later on, he participated in the 1905 Revolution in Warsaw. After the outbreak of World War I he was active in the pacifist movement in Switzerland and Sweden. After the October Revolution in Russia he became one of the organizers of Russian diplomacy. He was in Germany in 1918-20 organizing the German Communist movement. In 1920 Radek returned to Russia and started work in the Comintern and was a very active journalist. Since 1923 he supported Lew Trotsky, but after Stalin’s position had strengthened Radek’s influence decreased and he was expelled from the Party in 1927 and sent into exile. In 1929 he declared himself as no longer a supporter of Trotsky and did a self-critique. He ingratiated Stalin and became his advisor on international policy issues. In September 1936 Radek was arrested again and tried at the Trial of the Seventeen (as a “parallel Trocky center”). He was sentenced to ten years of penal labour. He was reportedly killed in a labour camp by another inmate, but most probably he was killed by an NKVD operative [[reference:|Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Radek, http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karol_Radek, accessed on 23.03.2010.]].


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