Aliyat ha-Noar

Aliyat ha-Noar (Hebrew: Youth Aliyah): an organization founded in 1933 in Berlin by Recha Freier, who had originally intended to help in the emigration of Jewish children and teenagers from the Nazi Germany to Palestine.

The immigrants were being placed in a kibbutz, Ben Shemen, where they were taught the work on the land and the Hebrew language for two years. In the years 1934-1945 the organization was headed by Henrietta Szold, the founder of the women's Zionist organization in the U.S., Hadassy. Since then, Aliyat ha-Noar became the part of the Jewish Agency. After World War II Aliyat ha-Noar brought from Europe 20 thousand orphans saved from the Holocaust. Currently, Aliyat ha-Noar is an educational organization running 7 schools. It cares for the immigrant-children from around the world and the young Israelis from dysfunctional families. So far, over 300 thousand children are the pupils of the organization.


The term was created within the framework of the project Zapisywanie świata żydowskiego w Polsce [recording the Jewish environment in Poland], whose author is Anka Grupińska, a well-known Polish journalist and writer, specializing in the modern history of the Polish Jews. The project, initiated in 2006 by the Museum of the History of Polish Jews, consists in recording interviews with Polish Jews from all generations.
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