Ausweis – a card certifying the place of employment; it was issued by the employers during the German occupation of Poland. The possession of a certificate of employment in a German office or company protected the people from deportation to Germany for work.

The term was created within the framework of the project Zapisywanie świata żydowskiego w Polsce [recording the Jewish environment in Poland], whose author is Anka Grupińska, a well-known Polish journalist and writer, specializing in the modern history of the Polish Jews. The project, initiated in 2006 by the Museum of the History of Polish Jews, consists in recording interviews with Polish Jews from all generations.
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