Economic boycott of Jews

The economic boycott of the Jews: an activity aimed at eliminating the Jews from the economic life, particularly from trade. It took the form of not only a propaganda call for a boycott of Jewish trade and crafts, but also of the non-acceptance of Jews to the merchant and industrial associations, the non-acceptance of credit, pickets against Jewish shops, attacks on shops, stalls and workshops, intimidation of customers. On the Polish lands the slogans of the economic boycott of Jews appeared in the late nineteenth century in Galicia in journalism of Father Stojałowski. Since 1907 the slogan has become a permanent part of the National Democracy propaganda. After 1935 the anti-Jewish boycott dramatically and took the aggressive form, often becoming the beginning of pogroms such as in Przytyk. Behind an organized boycott campaign were generally the nationalist organizations. In 1936 the Minister for Internal Affairs, Sławoj Składkowski approved the economic boycott while condemning the violence against Jews. The approval for the boycott was justified with the Polish overcrowding, the need for emancipation of the peasant spheres and protection of the Polish trade from the foreign domination. The economic boycott hit primarily in the small traders and entrepreneurs.

The term was created within the framework of the project Zapisywanie świata żydowskiego w Polsce [recording the Jewish environment in Poland], whose author is Anka Grupińska, a well-known Polish journalist and writer, specializing in the modern history of the Polish Jews. The project, initiated in 2006 by the Museum of the History of Polish Jews, consists in recording interviews with Polish Jews from all generations.
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