Emigration from Poland in the 1970s and 1980s

Emigration from Poland in the 1970s and 1980s – from 1971 to 1980 225,700 thousands of people left Poland for good. Apparently, it was rather an economic emigration allowed by liberalization of Polish passport regulations. The biggest outflow of Poles was in the 1980s; almost million of people left the country then. About 60% of them left for Germany, most of the others emigrated to the USA, Canada, Austria, Sweden and France. The emigration was generally triggered by the disastrous living conditions in Poland at that time. Some of the democratic opposition activists also decided to emigrate; abroad they founded important political centres (the Coordination Bureau of “Solidarność” in Brussels, the “Solidarność” Committee in Paris, the Committee of Supporting “Solidarność” in New York).

The term was created within the framework of the project Zapisywanie świata żydowskiego w Polsce [recording the Jewish environment in Poland], whose author is Anka Grupińska, a well-known Polish journalist and writer, specializing in the modern history of the Polish Jews. The project, initiated in 2006 by the Museum of the History of Polish Jews, consists in recording interviews with Polish Jews from all generations.
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