Incorporation of Western Ukraine and Western Belarus into the USSR

The incorporation of Western Ukraine and Western Belarus into the USSR – the eastern territories of Poland were captured on 17th September 1939 by Soviet army. The authorities in occupation tried to legalize this situation. On 22nd October 1939 took place an election for the People’s Assembly of Western Ukraine and the People’s Assembly of Western Belarus, which were quasi-parliaments. The candidates were nominated by NKVD, the election was carried out in atmosphere of terror and the results were forged. The Assemblies, which had been chosen this way requested the Supreme Soviet to incorporate Western Ukraine and Western Belarus into adequate Soviet republics. On 1st November 1939 Western Ukraine was incorporated into The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, and the following day analogous decision was announced regarding Belarus. On 29th November to all previous inhabitants of this lands – Polish citizens, were given Soviet citizenship.

The term was created within the framework of the project Zapisywanie świata żydowskiego w Polsce [recording the Jewish environment in Poland], whose author is Anka Grupińska, a well-known Polish journalist and writer, specializing in the modern history of the Polish Jews. The project, initiated in 2006 by the Museum of the History of Polish Jews, consists in recording interviews with Polish Jews from all generations.
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