Post-war law regarding name change: on 10th November 1945 State National Council (Krajowa Rada Narodowa, KRN) issued a decree about changing and adjusting names and surnames. The decree allowed to change name and surname, inter alia, in case of using during the period from 1st September 1939 to 9th May 1945 different name than birth name, because of following reasons: using of military assumed name due to working in conspiracy organizations or service alongside allies forces and also if petitioner “used other surname in order to protect himself from aggression of German invader or his supporters”. In above-mentioned cases persons who wanted to keep their assumed name had to file proper petition until 31st December 1947. The decree also created possibility of changing name and surname even if its sound was not Polish. The decree was replaced with an act of November 15, 1956, in which the legacy of changing surnames that did not have a Polish sound was kept. Many Jews, that had been hiding during the war using “Aryan papers”, took the opportunity and legalized their assumed names.
powojenne prawo o zmianie nazwisk
The term was created within the framework of the project Zapisywanie świata żydowskiego w Polsce [recording the Jewish environment in Poland], whose author is Anka Grupińska, a well-known Polish journalist and writer, specializing in the modern history of the Polish Jews. The project, initiated in 2006 by the Museum of the History of Polish Jews, consists in recording interviews with Polish Jews from all generations.