Spanish Civil War

The Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) was the result of opposing the Republican government by part of the Spanish army. This led to overthrowing the republic in Spain and establishing the dictatorship of general Franco. Since the beginning of the war general Franco was helped by Germany and Italy, while the supporters of the republic were helped by advisors from the USSR and the, so-called, International Brigades. The war took approximately five hundred thousand victims. About three hundred thousand republic supporters were forced to emigrate, mainly to France, Mexico and the USSR.

The term was created within the framework of the project Zapisywanie świata żydowskiego w Polsce [recording the Jewish environment in Poland], whose author is Anka Grupińska, a well-known Polish journalist and writer, specializing in the modern history of the Polish Jews. The project, initiated in 2006 by the Museum of the History of Polish Jews, consists in recording interviews with Polish Jews from all generations.
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