Tannaim

Tannaim [Aram. tannā ’ ‘teacher’, ‘scholar’] – Jewish sages, rabbis, who explained and commented on the Hebrew Bible, particularly the Written Law (Torah), adopting its rules to the changing conditions of life; it is assumed that the period of their activity lasted from the year 70 (after the destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem) to 220; T. were supposed to continue the tradition of explaining and applying the Torah, initiated by Jewish scholars of the so-called Great Assembly (Great Synagogue), existing probably until the beginning of the 2nd century BC; those statements formed a part of the Talmud called Mishnah and the Tosefta and Baraita; the most famous t. are, among others: Yohanan ben Zakkai, Gamaliel II, Akiva ben Joseph (who was the author of the first compilation of the Mishnah), Simeon bar Yochai and i Judah the Prince (the last of the main t., the author of the final compilation of the Mishnah).

The content of this entry has been prepared on the basis of the source materials provided by the Polish Scientific Publishers (PWN)

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