Żegota

Żegota: a cryptonym of Temporary Committee to Aid Jews (Tymczasowy Komitet Pomocy Żydom), later of Council to Aid Jews (Rada Pomocy Żydom - RPŻ) – a conspiratiorial organisations aiming at the provision of various forms of help for Jews. RPŻ was formed on 4 December 1942 in Warsaw as a section of Government Delegation for Poland (Delegatura Rządu na Kraj) - Polish civil underground. It consisted of the representatives of three Polish political parties and of two Jewish ones (Jewish National Committee - Żydowski Komitet Narodowy and Bund). It helped by providing allowance aid, finding flats and hideouts, giving bogus documents, sending kids to Polish custodial institutions and Polish families. The organisation headquarters were in Warsaw, later they also existed in Cracow and Lviv. Aid Committee of Zamość and Lublin (Zamojsko-Lubelski Komitet Pomocy) put itself under the control of RPŻ. The headquarter was governed by Polish Socialist Party (Julian Grobelny from PPS), after his imprisonment in May 1944, Roman Jabłonowski became the successor (also from PPS), and from July 1944 – Leon Feiner (from Bund). RPŻ functioned only in the cities mentioned earlier, rarely reaching the province. It was financed from the Government Delegation for Poland financial means. In the summer of 1944, 4,000 people benefited from the financial aid of RPŻ. RPŻ issued approximately 50,000 bogus papers and owing to its services, 2,500 Jewish children were saved.

The term was created within the framework of the project Zapisywanie świata żydowskiego w Polsce [recording the Jewish environment in Poland], whose author is Anka Grupińska, a well-known Polish journalist and writer, specializing in the modern history of the Polish Jews. The project, initiated in 2006 by the Museum of the History of Polish Jews, consists in recording interviews with Polish Jews from all generations.
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