Sounds, gestures and pictures

The phrase “Sounds, gestures, images” introduces us into the world of music, film, theatre, and visual arts. Traditionally, Jewish culture was a culture of sound and gesture rather than image. In the pre-modern period, Jewish klezmer bands performed not only at Jewish weddings, but also at taverns and on farms. This musical heritage lived on in the output of numerous Jewish composers and musicians of the 19th and the 20th century. Many Jews had their part in the development of the phonographic industry and popular music – as performers, composers, producers, industrialists. Theatre was also an important domain of Jewish artistic activity and was the favourite entertainment of the Jewish community. Yiddish theatre became a true phenomenon in Poland, and numerous Jews contributed to the popularity of Polish theatre and cabaret, in particular during the interwar period. In the 19th and 20th century, a plethora of Jews left their mark in the world of modern art by participating in Jewish and international artistic movements.

Aleksander Ford
Aleksander Ford
Film director, remembered for directing the first postwar documentary "Majdanek – the Cemetery of Europe" and the full-length movie "Knights of the Teutonic Order" based on a well-known Polish novel.
Alina Szapocznikow
Alina Szapocznikow
A sculptor born in Kalisz. Through her art, she captured fleeting moments and showed the impermanence of the human body.
Alina Szapocznikow.
Alina Szapocznikow. "Beautifully, humanely, truly to the bottom"
Her sensual, organic, carnal work was not understood in Parisian circles, and until her death she did not appear on the Western art market.
Arnold Szyfman
Arnold Szyfman
Theatre manager, writer, theatre critic. Director of Teatr Polski and Teatr Wielki.
Bronisław Huberman
Bronisław Huberman
Violinist born in Częstochowa, considered to be one of the most outstanding violin virtuosos of the 20th century.
Henryk Berlewi
Henryk Berlewi
Painter, art theoretician and critic, considered to be the forerunner of op-art. Born in Warsaw.
Henryk Wars
Henryk Wars
Composer, pianist, and conductor, born in Warsaw.
Ida Kamińska
Ida Kamińska
Theatre and film actress and director, known as the Mother of the Jewish Stage. Kamińska starred in the movie "The Shop on Main Street", which won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Film (1965).
Bronisław Huberman's open letter to German intellectuals, 1936
Bronisław Huberman's open letter to German intellectuals, 1936
I’m a Pole, a Jew, a free artist, and a Pan-European. Given these four characteristics, I consider Hitlerism to be my mortal enemy!
Shades of Jewish identity in Alexander Ford's documentaries
Shades of Jewish identity in Alexander Ford's documentaries
Search, rejection, rediscovery and redefinition of Jewish identity in Ford's documentary films.
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