Sounds, gestures and pictures
The phrase “Sounds, gestures, images” introduces us into the world of music, film, theatre, and visual arts. Traditionally, Jewish culture was a culture of sound and gesture rather than image. In the pre-modern period, Jewish klezmer bands performed not only at Jewish weddings, but also at taverns and on farms. This musical heritage lived on in the output of numerous Jewish composers and musicians of the 19th and the 20th century. Many Jews had their part in the development of the phonographic industry and popular music – as performers, composers, producers, industrialists. Theatre was also an important domain of Jewish artistic activity and was the favourite entertainment of the Jewish community. Yiddish theatre became a true phenomenon in Poland, and numerous Jews contributed to the popularity of Polish theatre and cabaret, in particular during the interwar period. In the 19th and 20th century, a plethora of Jews left their mark in the world of modern art by participating in Jewish and international artistic movements.