In early Middle Ages Boguchwała municipality, along with the entire Rzeszów region, was located between Halych Ruthenia and the land of the first Piast rulers. The landscape of the municipality wasn’t the same as today. “The forest covered a vast area, significantly larger than toady. Wisłok sprang out of the primeval forests somewhere near Piotraszówka (today’s Boguchwała) because in 1373 the area between Piotraszówka, Niechobrze and Czudec was densely forested. [[From 14th to 18th century Boguchwała was called Piotraszówka to commemorate Nicolas Piotraszewski who bought it in 1417]][Motyka Krzysztof, Boguchwała i okolice, Boguchwała 2008, p. 1].

In 1340, as a result of a military expedition of Casimir the Great to Ruthenia, Boguchwała was annexed by Poland. At the end of 14th century the municipality of Boguchwała was the place where borders of three lands converged (Przemyśl, Sanok, Sandomierz). Local villages belonged to different administrative units. The border was demarcated by Lubcza river. At the time Zwięczyca and Racławówka, located on the northern side of the river, belonged to Przemyśl area, whereas Piotraszówka and Lutoryż on the southern side were part of the area of Sanok. In 1375 was created a diocese of Przemyśl which encompassed a newly emerged voivodeship, as well as Przemyśl and Sanok areas.

Piotraszówka’s Town charter did not survive to the present day. The town was probably founded between 1354 and 1373. The first date refers to foundation of Rzeszów, whereas 1373 marks the first written mention of Piotraszówka on the occasion of Lutoryż’s location on Magedburg Law. The aforementioned Mikołaj Piotraszewski was an important figure in Piotraszówka’s history. On 19th May, 1431, he certified before a court that the town along with the sołectwo was located on Megdeburg law. In 1461 he also endowed the parish church and established a local school. Piotraszewski died in 1475 [Motyka Krzysztof, Boguchwała i okolice, Boguchwała 2008, p. 3].

As the 16th century came to a close, villages in the northern part of the municipality, such as Kielanówka, Zabierzów, Zwięczyca or Boguchwała, were controlled by Mikołaj Spytek Ligęza, castellan of Sandomierz and owner of Rzeszów. Under his rule the villages were economically thriving. In 1624, the northern areas of the municipality suffered severe damage due to a deadly Tatar raid. Boguchwała itself was burnt to the ground.

Under the Saxon rule, the economic and social development of the villages in the Boguchwała municipality was put on hold. As Poland got engaged in the Great Northern War (1700 – 1721) hostilities broke out in the Rzeszów region. Boguchwała was severely ravaged by war contributions, confiscations and common robberies committed by both Swedish and Polish armies.      

In 1702, Rzeszów and its surrounding areas were occupied by Swedish army of gen. Stenbock who enforced a gigantic contribution in order to deprive Lubomirscy of their properties in Rzeszów, Głogów, Błażowa and their family estates in Łąka and Boguchwała. In 1702 the peasantry of Boguchwała and the surrounding areas was forced by the Swedish army to fortify the Rzeszów castle and in 1704 by the Saxon army. In 1715 Boguchwała was plundered by the participants of the Tarnogród Confederation.

In the 18th century Boguchwała experienced a brief heyday thanks to the philanthropic activity of the great nobleman, prince Teodor Konstanty Lubomirski who, in 1724, came into possession of so-called “Boguchwała State” (Boguchwała, Lutoryż, Zgłobień, Błędowa, Nosówka, Wola Zgłobieńska) [Motyka Krzysztof, Boguchwała i okolice, Boguchwała 2008, p. 5]. Lubomirski sought to turn Boguchwała into a centre as competitive as Rzeszów. In 1728 the town was appreciated by king Augustus II the Strong who granted it civic rights and built a rococo church and presbytery. Prince Lubomirski reconstructed a classic manor turning it into a magnificent baroque compound which encompassed a palace with a garden, a church, a park and a pond. Unfortunately, neither the dynamic development of the settlement nor location of the town succeeded, because, yet in 1772, the Austrian authorities cancelled the king’s decision [Motyka Krzysztof, Boguchwała i okolice, Boguchwała 2008, p. 5].

In the second half of the 18th century Boguchwała was owned by Starzyńscy family. As the 18th century came to a close, the Boguchwała area along with the surrounding villages Błędowa, Lutoryż, Zgłobień, Nosówka, Wola Zgłobieńska and Niechobrz was bought by Straszewscy family who played a significant role in the life of this town. Straszewcy endowed a new school. In 1895 a railway, which linked Rzeszów to Jasło, went through the northern areas of the municipality. It was the time when a railroad station was built in Boguchwała too.

First World War brought about a great deal of destruction. Both cultural and didactic spheres were stopped. At the beginning of 20th century, Boguchwała was sold at an auction to Zenon Suszycki, a pioneer of oil industry education. After he died, his wealth was allotted to the society. The Zenon and Wanda Suszyccy Foundation of Agriculture and Science was established [[Motyka Krzysztof, Boguchwała i okolice, Boguchwała 2008, p. 3.]]. In 1914, Klaudiusz Angerman created a team of Bartoszowe Squads which was fully equipped thanks to his own contribution. Folk movement developed lively and covered areas of Boguchwała, Racławówka, Zarzecze, Zgłobin, Zwęczyca, Lutoryż, Kielanówka and Niechobrz. Poland’s assumption of independence brought about a period of energetic enthusiasm when Wanda Suszycka, the last owner of Boguchwała, decided to sign her palace estate over to The Academy of Learning in order to “boost knowledge of agriculture in the reborn Poland”. The period resulted in building new schools in Boguchwała and Lutoryż. Before the outbreak of the Second World War, in spring 1939, Stanisław Syska began setting up one of the largest industries in Boguchwała municipality ­– a factory of porcelain insulators ZAPEL which was an integral part of the Central Industrial Region (pl. Centralny Okręg Przemysłowy).

 Boguchwała was taken over by the German infantry on 6th September, 1939. The German occupation was a period of terror and forced removal of citizens who were transported to Germany. The Nazis sentenced Jews living in the municipality to extermination. In 1940 was brought to life an underground organization of Boguchwała which was headed by lieutenant Józef Klimczak. In 1942 the organization was renamed the 39 Home Army outpost. On 28th July, 1944, as a part of the Operation Tempest, partisans of Boguchwała along with a Peasants’ Battalions squad from Siedliska and Lubenia fought a long battle with the German Army next to the mill and the bridge on Lubcza river in Boguchwała. During the battle fell Józef Klimczak. He was buried in a common grave of Home Army soldiers at the Boguchwała cemetery.

After the war both agricultural and industrial facilities gradually came to life. Many businesses sprang up which was important not only for the inhabitants of the municipality. In 1974 Boguchwała launched an Automotive Repair Facility (ZNS) and, in 1967, a cement transfer station.                                  

Print