Miedzna was founded in 1531 by Jan Wodyński who was granted the privilege to establish a city by King Sigimund I under Magdeburg Law. The first settlement in the area, however, dates back at least to the 15th century. In 1470, it already had a church and was mentioned as a parochial village.[[see:|Miedzna, [in:] Miasta polskie w tysiącleciu (Polish Towns of the Millennium), red. S. Andrzejewski et al., vol. 2, Warsaw 1967, p. 482]]

In later years, Miedzna became the property of Gotard Butler as his wife's dowry. It remained in the hands of the Butlers for over two centuries until 1824 when it was taken over by the Kuczyński and Ostrowski families.[[see:|Miedzna, [in:] Miasta polskie w tysiącleciu (Polish Towns of the Millennium), red. S. Andrzejewski et al., vol. 2, Warsaw 1967, p. 482]] Beginning in 1631, the town hosted the municipal court of the Drohiczyn Lands.[[see:|Miedzna, [in:] Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich (Geographical Dictionary of the Kingdom of Poland and other Slavic Countries), vol. 6: – Netreba, ed. Sulimierski, B. Chlebowski, W. Walewski (eds.), Warszawa (1885), p. 334]]

The Butlers took good care of their property. Christian and Jewish settlement was intentionally developed. In the mid-18th century, the town already had 100 houses. It also held a market and fair privilege, which, however, remained unused since merchants preferred the bigger cities of the region. In 1765, the picture of Our Lady of Miedzna was enshrined in the local church, believed by devotees to be miraculous. In consequence, Miedzna became a famous Marian sanctuary visited by numerous pilgrims.

In 1802, the Butlers commissioned a wooden and brick church. In 1869, Miedzna lost its town privileges. Today, it is a central village of a municipality in the Węgrów County, Mazovian Voivodeship.

Bibliographic note

  • Miedzna, [in:] Miasta polskie w tysiącleciu (Polish Towns of the Millennium), red. S. Andrzejewski et al., vol. 2, Warsaw 1967, p. 482.
  • Miedzna, [in:] Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich (Geographical Dictionary of the Kingdom of Poland and other Slavic Countries), vol. 6, ed. Sulimierski, B. Chlebowski, W. Walewski (eds.), Warszawa (1885), p. 334.
Print