The early beginnings of the settlement remain unknown – the first record of Błażowa dates back to 1429 and comes from a document concerning the settlement of a nearby village Kąkolówka issued in Dynów by Piotr Lunak Kmita. The name Błażowa (former Błażejowa) comes from Błaż (Błażej), most probably a name of its settler, or its first owner. It was formerly known as Złotowieniec. The legend has it that such a name was given by the King Władysław II Jagiełło when he was passing by the settlement on his way to Sanok and noticed the golden corn fields surrounding it [1.1].
Mikołaj Rzeszowski of the coat-of-arms of Doliwa – living in the 16th century was the owner of Błażowa and Rzeszów. In 1596 a scholarship foundation for the local youth was established by the priest Tomasz Raskowicz from Pyzdry, the parish priest of Błażowa. In 1624 and 1672 the Tatar invasion destroyed Błażowa.
Błażowa received town rights in 1770 – it was privately-owned at that time. From 1772 to 1918 the town was in the Austrian partition.
Granting a privilege to Błażowa in 1842 of hosting a market had a considerable influence on the town’s development. The trading boom changed the character of this typically rural settlement[1.2]. Merchants from the surrounding towns used to arrive in great numbers in the town on market days. Weaving was an important craft in this region; it was developing since the second half of the 17th century. The achievements in this field helped Błażowa to receive a financial support and loan granted by the Sejm Krajowy, the lower chamber of the Polish Parliament. In 1883 these funds were used to establish the Educational Weaving Workshop, commonly referred to as the school[1.3]. Aside weaving also other crafts flourished such as: smithery, tailoring, shoemaking, saddlery, pottery, miller’s trade, carpentry, straw hats making and embroidery. They did not, however, play such an important role in the economy as weaving.
At the turn of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, the town witnessed a boom of the cooperative movement. During the inter-war period peasants’ strikes were common, while in the period of the German occupation the town was a center of the resistance movement. Priest Michał Pilipiec, pseudonym “Ski” – a military chaplain of the Home Army of the Rzeszów District, was active there[1.4]. He worked in Futoma and Błażowa. There, an outpost of the Home Army Błażowa with Dynów was set up, headed by Stanisław Jakubczyk – code name “Buk” pseudonym “Chrobry”, Sub-district Rzeszów- South of the Home Army.
On 4 December 1944 agents of UB – the Polish communist secret police – from Rzeszów arrived in the town and arrested many inhabitants, mostly soldiers of the Home Army. Aside priest Michał Pilipc, they aressted: Dominik Sobczyk pseudonym Trop – secretary of the rural municipality Błażowa, Stanisław Rybka pseudonym Szpak – platoon sergeant, team leader of the 1st Platoon of the Home Army Błażowa, Józef Bator pseudonym Żyto – a soldier of the Home Army and many others.
The period of the Second World War and the first years after the war brought an economic slowdown of the municipality. Lack of capital, as well as the ongoing political changes did not allow for a development of small industry and crafts, which existed there before the war. A considerable growth of the Błażowa municipality, and the town in particular, fell on the period from 1960 to 1980. During these years a majority of industrial plants as well as commercial and service centers were opened. New schools, medical centers, cultural centers in villages and other institutions were constructed. Despite these changes, the municipality did not lose its typically rural character with a majority of privately-owned property. Thanks to the close proximity of Rzeszów, the inhabitants of the municipality had the access to the railway going through Rzeszów, as well as the Rzeszów airport located in Jasionka. The municipality of Błażowa is of a rural character.
- [1.1] Malczewski Jan, Janina Kadyło, Kazimierz Szczepański, Mikroregion Dolina Strugu. Przewodnik historyczno-krajoznawczy gmin Tyczyn, Chmielnik, Hyżne, Błażowa, Błażowa 1995, p. 115
- [1.2] Brzęk-Piszczowa Rena, Błażowa niegdyś i dzisiaj: zarys popularno-naukowy, Rzeszów 1978, p.30
- [1.3] Michałowicz-Kubal Marta Błażowa : w gminie i okolicy, Krosno 1999, p.44
- [1.4] Michałowicz-Kubal Marta Błażowa: w gminie i okolicy, Krosno 1999, p. 50