The town of Przyrów was founded on the Wiercica River in 1369, by King Kazimierz Wielki in the area of Olsztyn castle district. Its foundation was based on the Środa law. The privileges were confirmed by subsequent kings, such as: Zygmunt August (Sigismund II Augustus I) Stefan Batory (Stephen Báthory), Zygmunt III Waza (Sigismund III Vasa), Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki. In the 14th century, Przyrów was a well-known center of beer production.

In 1620, there were 136 houses here[1.1], most of which were burnt down by the Swedes in a 1656 invasion. A rectangular town square was the center of town, with four streets leading from the center of it[1.2]. In 1759, the mayor of Przyrów participated in a townsmen’s meeting, which was held in Częstochowa in order to discuss the rules of selling goods. This fact suggests that a much attention was paid to trade at that time.

In the 19th century, all the houses in the town square were made of brick, in other parts of town they were made of brick or wood, and they were mostly one-storey buildings. In 1807, 222 houses and 1169 residents were registered in the town of Przyrów. In 1880, Przyrów had a population of 2433 people, including 1429 Catholics and 1260 Jews[1.3].

In the interwar period, Przyrów was incorporated into Częstochowa County. In 1930 the population of Przyrów numbered 2453. M. Cyttel was an owner of a saw mill, and D. Landau owned a metal fitting factory.

  • [1.1] J. Rajman, Rozwój miasta do połowy XVII wieku, in: Częstochowa...op.cit, p. 170.
  • [1.2] The catalogue of Monuments in Poland, ed. I. Redlich Samkowa, J. Samek, v. VI, z. 4, Warszawa 1979, p. 36.
  • [1.3] Geographical Dictionary of the Kingdom of Poland...op.cit., p. 225.