The Jewish community in Drezdenko (German: Driesen) was formed in the 18th century. The local synagogue and cemetery date back the mid-18th century.

In 1849, 96 Jews lived in the town, and in 1871 – 171, probably the largest number in the whole history of that community (4% of the population). The local Jewish people made a living from trade with the nearby Polish lands. Another evidence of the close relationship with Poland was the dominance of Orthodox Judaism in the community.

The synagogue community in Drezdenko still existed in 1932. It was relatively large and comprised 85 people (1.4% of town’s population), including 30 contribution payers. The community also included the surrounding towns: Nowe Kurowo (German: Neu Carbe) – five Jews, Nowe Drezdenko (German: Vordamm) – four Jews, Chełst (German: Neuteich) – four Jews, Trzebicz (German: Trebitsch) – two Jews. The community was headed by the board composed of Leopold Klopstock (address: 1 Marktstraße), Adolf Meyersohn (Richtstraße), Alfons Fuchs (Richtstraße). Gustav Hahn (Henckestraße) served as the cantor. In 1930, the community budget amounted to RM 4,400. Its assets included, among others, the synagogue at Holmstraße, a cemetery, and a ritual slaughterhouse. Basic religious education was provided to 10 children.

The Nazi rise to power prompted the local Jews to prepare for migration. In the autumn of 1933, Hebrew language courses were launched in the town. The synagogue was probably destroyed during the Kristallnacht in November 1938.

Bibliography

  • “Driesen,” [in:] The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, eds. S. Spector, G. Wigoder, New York 2001, vol. I, p. 131.
  • Führer durch die jüdische Gemeindeverwaltung und Wohlfahrtspflege in Deutschland: 1932–1933, Berlin 1933, p. 64.

 

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