Initially, in the area of the present-day Nowe Miasto, there was a town established on the so-called “raw root “. With time, a castle was erected there which was owned by dukes of Mazovia, who founded a town there in the 14th century. It occurs in the sources of 1398 also as a capital of the court county in the Land of Zakroczym. In 1386, a local parish was founded.

In 1420, the Duke of Mazovia Janusz I granted the law of Chełmno to the town. Nowe Miasto was a significant junction of road communication. In 1564, there were 274 houses there, and the town was a centre of non-town alderman’s district. The inhabitants specialized in production of beer which was exported to Prussia, and in distillation. Moreover, the town had 65 gardens, a church, a presbytery, scales, textile cutting place and 2 mills.

In 1616, there were 180 houses and 105 empty squares in Nowe Miasto. The town was severely damaged during the wars between Poland and Sweden (1655 – 1660). In 1782 it had 64 houses, including 7 new ones.

The end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century brought a fall of the town’s significance. Craft and trade experienced a period of stagnation. Small trade and craft were represented by: 2 distilleries, 5 drapers and a potter. In 1869 Nowe Miasto lost its municipal rights. Despite increased population, the town did not show larger development tendencies.

Damages done during the Second World War degraded the significance of the settlement. At present Nowe Miasto fulfils the function of a local trade and administrative centre for agricultural base. Tourism plays greater and greater role thanks to building an artificial reservoir on the River Sona.

 

Bibliography

  • Miasta polskie w tysiącleciu, t. 2, Wrocław – Warszawa – Kraków 1967, ss. 489–490.
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