Tyszowce as a settlement dates back to the Middle Ages. The town’s incorporation was based on the Magdeburg Law, and took place in 1419. In 1453, Władysław I, Duke of Belz, confirmed Tyszowiec’s city charter[1.1], by transferring them from the Polish law to the Magdeburg law[1.2]. In 1388 - 1462, Tyszowce belonged to Dukes of Belz[1.3]. After 1462, the town was incorporated to the Crown of the Polish Kingdom[1.4]. The town thrived on its location by the trade route from Lvov to Silesia and Wielkopolska.

In 1500, Tyszowce was destroyed by the Tatars; therefore in 1502, King Alexander Jagiellon exempted Tyszowce from all taxes for the period of 10 years. At that time, there were the following guilds in the town: furrier, smith, weaving, sieve makers, and carpentry.

In the 16th and 17th century, the town’s revenue (from bridge duty and dyke duty) came from selling oxen transported from Ukraine through Tyszowce to Silesia. At that time, the town was famous for manufacturing boots called “tyszowiaki”. They were made by local craftsmen[1.5]. Also in the 16th century, a starost castle was built and the town was surrounded with a rampart[1.6]. In the 17th century, the town was plundered by Tatar, Cossack and Russian raids.

In 1630, Tyszowce numbered 1420 people. Twenty years later, in 1650, only 400 people lived there[1.7]. On 29 December 1655, a confederation was set up in Tyszowce – its aim was to remove the Swedes from Poland. The Tyszowce confederation was a beginning of a desperate fight of the Polish society against the Swedish invaders[1.8]. In 1762, the town numbered 1,800 inhabitants. In 1768, Jan Mier became the owner of the town.

In 1772, Tyszowce was incorporated into the Austrian partition; in 1809, the town became part of the Duchy of Warsaw, whilst in 1815 – of the Congress of Poland. At that time the town’s ownership was in the hands of Count Parys, then Szwartz-Spek, and from the mid-19th century until 1944, the town was owned by the Głogowski family[1.9].

In the first half of the 19th century, the first masonry houses appeared in the town and it developed considerably. In 1869, Tyszowce lost its city charter[1.10]. In 1910, the settlement numbered 7,620 people[1.11]. In 1909, a great fire damaged a major part of Tyszowce.

After the outbreak of World War II, on 12 September 1939, Tyszowce was bombed for the first time. On 17 September 1939, German troops entered the settlement. On 24 September 1939, the troops withdrew to make space for the Red Army. On 8 October 1939, Russian troops withdrew to leave the settlement in the hands of Germans.

Germans established a labor camp in Tyszowce for about 600 prisoners. Their work consisted in regulation of the Huczwa River. In reaction to the German terror, a Home Army (Armia Krajowa) unit was formed in the town, headed by platoon commander Stanisław Jużak „Mielicz”[1.12]. During World War II, 60% of buildings in the settlement were destroyed.

In 2000, Tyszowce regained its city charter lost in 1869.

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Footnotes
  • [1.1] S. Warchoł, Nazwy miast Lubelszczyzny, Lublin 1964, p. 197.
  • [1.2] J. Górak, Miasta i miasteczka Zamojszczyzny, Zamość 1990, p. 97.
  • [1.3] Małe ojczyzny w Unii Europejskiej, Przewodnik, p. 93.
  • [1.4] R. Horbaczewski, W blasku świec. Opowieści tyszowieckie, Lublin 2005, p. 6.
  • [1.5] R. Horbaczewski, W blasku świec..., p. 6.
  • [1.6] Małe ojczyzny...,p. 21.
  • [1.7] Małe ojczyzny..., p. 22.
  • [1.8] Materiały do nauki historii regionalnej, prepared by M. Piotrowski, Tomaszów Lubelski 1999, p. 12.
  • [1.9] M. Mydlak, Zarys dziejów miasta i osady [in:] Liceum Ogólnokształcące w Tyszowcach 1944–2005, Tyszowce 1994, p. 12.
  • [1.10] J. Górak, Miasta i miasteczka..., p. 97.
  • [1.11] Małe ojczyzny...,p. 27.
  • [1.12] Małe ojczyzny..., p. 28.