The village of Rajcza was established in the 17th century on the land belonging to Konstancja, a wife of Sigismud III Vasa. The village belonged to a folwark (a giant farm) in Węgierska Górka. In the 18th and 19th centuries the owners of Rajcza changed quite often. In 1843 iron works, called “hamry”, were opened on the territory belonging to this administration unit. From 1854 to 1894 Teodor Primavesi owned the village. He rebuilt the palace situated there and next to it he created a beautiful park with a pond and a unique tree stand. In 1884 a railway line from Vienna to Kraków was built through the village. In 1894 Rajcza became the property of the Lubomirskis family, who extended the palace. In 1914 the Habsburgs family of Żywiec purchased Rajcza. In 1916 Archduke Charles Stephen of Austria decided that ill veterans of WW I would be hosted in the palace in Rajcza, together with its park. During the prewar period Rajcza was a popular summer holiday destination and a skiing resort in winter. The Jews took over most of the trade and services in the village.
During WW II in September 1939 the German army entered Rajcza. On October 8, 1939 the entire land of Żywiec was incorporated into the Third Reich. In October 1940 within the campaign of Saysbusch Aktion 115 Polish families (501 people) were dislocated from Rajcza and were replaced by 26 German families (119 people). The second such campaign took place in October 29, 1940. In May 1945 Rajcza was taken over by the Soviet army[1.1].
- [1.1] http://www.rajcza.info/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2&Itemid=2 [as of 10.14.2009].