The synagogue (17 Warszawska Street) in Kielce was built according to the Project of Stanislaw (Stanisław) Szpakowski. During World War II, the Germans vandalised the synagogue and afterward they set up a prison for Jews and a storehouse for stolen property in it. For several years, after the war ended the temple stood empty. In the synagogue’s vicinity there were the rabbi’s house and a mikvah. These buildings were damaged during the occupation and their remains were taken apart in the 1970s. In the 1950s, the synagogue was rebuilt and adapted as a national Archive building which has had its seat up to now. After the complete refurbishment, the building regained classical features. In 1996, during the renovation, the elevation regained it colorful facade.

 At first, the building was in Neo-Romanesque and Mauritanian style. It is a two-storey, brick building, and is covered with a gable roof. The synagogue was built on a rectangular plan. Inside, there is a clear interior system, with a big prayer room.

On an exterior wall, there is an information tablet listing the history of the building as well as other pertinent details. The inscription has it that the building is the former religion centre of the Jewish community turned by Nazis into a prison for Jews and a warehouse for robbed possessions. On the top of the tablet, there is a quotation from the Psalm Book, 94 "They break in pieces your people, O LORD, and afflict thine heritage. They slay the widow and the stranger, and murder the fatherless".