Oral history
History witnesses

Władysław Misiuna

Interlocutor name:
Interlocutor surname:
Mateusz Szczepaniak
Grzegorz Liwiński
Catalogue number:
Recording date:
17th August 2017
Recording location:
Recording duration:
Recording language:
Recording copyright:
POLIN Museum of the History of the Polish Jews
Poles Who Rescued Jews During the Holocaust

Related places

Interlocutor biogram

Władysław Misiuna was born on 19 July 1925 in Radom at 15 Wrześniowskiego Street. His father, Zygmunt, came from Volhynia and was a glassblower (mainly unemployed before the war); it was only in 1925 that he received Polish citizenship. His mother, Eleonora, was the daughter of a steel worker. He had two brothers.

Right before the war, he was admitted to Jan Kochanowski Lower Secondary School in Radom. During the war, he worked at the rabbit warren near an arms factory; he helped the Jewish slaves from the camp near Radom who worked there. After the war, he graduated from a lower secondary school and started studying at the Academy of Political Sciences, where he attracted the attention of the general prosecutor and due to his offer to work for the prosecutor’s office was forced to flee to Moscow. After returning to Warsaw, he worked at the Institute of Agricultural Economics, at the Faculty of Agriculture of the University of Poznań and conducted international comparative research for Comecon.

Recording circumstances description

The interview was recorded as part of the project “Polish Righteous – Recalling Forgotten History” implemented by the POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews.

Recording summary

  1. Information on the interviewee’s family; the parents’ origin; place of residence; neighbours; 00:00:23
  2. Memories from childhood – peers; 00:05:37
  3. Eviction from home; the father finding a room; 00:06:23
  4. Employment at a glassworks; admission to lower secondary school; 00:08:52
  5. Beginning of the war; decision to stay in Radom; establishment of the Radom Ghetto; help provided to the Pieńkus family; 00:10:55
  6. Employment at an arms factory; burning of a group of Jews; 00:14:18
  7. Employment at a rabbit warren near an arms factory; 00:17:11
  8. Establishment of a concentration camp near Radom; organisation of the arms factory; 00:24:30
  9. The Jews’ employment at the arms factory; beating by a guard for sharing bread with a Jew; 00:26:58
  10. Contact with the Ukrainians who worked at the factory; 00:28:40
  11. Meeting at the Waldorf-Astoria hotel in New York; 00:33:15
  12. Meeting with Stopnicka; smuggling potatoes for camp prisoners; 00:35:23
  13. Documentation of a Jewish cemetery; 00:38:13
  14. Taking of a photo of the Jewesses near the rabbit warren; 00:41:26
  15. Transfer of camp prisoners; 00:44:44
  16. Life of the interviewee’s family during the occupation; scouting; 00:47:50
  17. The father’s employment at an arms factory after the war; 00:51:19
  18. Help of the Ukrainian “werkschutz” (factory protection units) during the time of activity at the factory; deportation of Kostyra to a prisoner-of-war camp; help of Władysław Krasnodębski and his death during interrogation; 00:52:54
  19. The mother’s employment after the war; the interviewee’s parents’ contact with the rescued Jewesses; 00:57:13
  20. The idea of efforts aimed at recognition as Righteous Among the Nations; fortunes of the rescued Jews after the war; 00:58:41
  21. The interviewee’s family; higher education; dream about a writing career; 01:02:14
  22. Offer of the general prosecutor; departure for Moscow; 01:05:40
  23. Conflict with Bierut; expulsion from Moscow; 01:11:23
  24. Arrival in Warsaw; meeting with Jan Chyliński; offer to work at the Institute of Agricultural Economics; meeting with Jerzy Tepicht; offer to work at the Faculty of Agriculture of the University of Poznań; 01:14:47
  25. Activity in Comecon’s international comparative research; cooperation with Stefan Ignar; 01:20:41
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