There are very few sources which can help estimate birth and death rates among Jews. Only official statistic data showing migration of the people in Bodzentyn can shed some light on the issue. It includes the list of births and deaths made by civil servants of the Office of Vital Records for non-Christians, for years 1927-1931 and 1932-1935 [1.1]. The chart no. 8 was based on these sources. The collected data refers not only to the Bodzentyn settlement, but to the whole parish as well, which included villages of Psary, Podgórze, Sieradowice, Dąbrowa, Leśna, Święta Katarzyna, Wilków, Grabowa, Wzorki and the Bodzentyn settlement [1.2]. The available data shows that, in 1921, Leśna was inhabited by five Jews. Unfortunately, there is no information about other villages. [1.3].

 

Year Number of births Number of deaths
1927a 11 1
1928b 4 0
1929c 11 5
1930 20 3
1931 25 3
1932 20 8
1933d 20 1
1934e 97 0
1935f 249 1
Total 457 22
   
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a) In 1927, only 3 quarters of the year were analyzed. 

b) In 1928 only 2 quarters of the year were analyzed.

c) In 1929, only 3 quarters of the year were analyzed. 

d) In 1933, only 3 quarters of the year were analyzed.

e) In 1934, only 3 quarters of the year were analyzed.  

f) In 1935, only 3 quarters of the year were analyzed. 

Source: State Archives in Kielce, SPK I, file no. 1609, 1613, no page no.  

 

The statistics of migration of Jewish people in the Bodzentyn parish, which could be found in archives, did not include any division into males and females. Thus, no analysis of proportion between men and women can be conducted. Population growth in the Jewish community was visibly higher than among Christians. In 1927-1935 the number of births among Jews exceeded the number of deaths by 435, but it is hard to confirm this information fully. Data from the chart does not seem reliable. In Bodzentyn alone, the index number connected to these years and concerning native Polish citizens was 342 people. In general, a huge disproportion between births of Christians and Jews was a result of better health condition of the latter, which led to longer life expectancy. Moreover, Jewish minority had a higher factor of reproduction. Jewish women married relatively young and they had their children much earlier. Jewish families consisted of many members, who rather quickly started their own families. [1.4].

 

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Footnotes
  • [1.1] APK (Archiwum Państwowe w Kielcach / State Archives in Kielce), SPK I (Starostwo Powiatowe Kieleckie I / Kielce Province Administration Office), file no. 1609, no page no., SPK I (Starostwo Powiatowe Kieleckie I), file no. 1613, no page no.
  • [1.2] Archiwum Parafialne w Bodzentynie (Parish Archives in Bodzentyn), file no. 17, no page no.
  • [1.3]  Skorowidz miejscowości Rzeczpospolitej Polskiej, vol. 3: Województwo kieleckie /Kielce Province, prepared by Główny Urząd Statystyczny Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej / Central Statistical Office of Poland,  Warszawa 1925, p. 172.
  • [1.4] M. B. Markowski, Sfery przemysłowe i ziemiaństwo w województwie kieleckim 1918-1939, Kielce 1990, p. 19.