The settlement of Biała (the seat of a castellany) was first mentioned in 1225. From 1270 on, the town was under Czech rule and shared the political fate of Silesia. During the following years many German colonists settled there, and as a result the German name of the settlement – Zülz – appeared in 1285.

In 1311 Zülz was granted town rights under German Law.[1.1]  The town was surrounded by defense walls with towers. In 1428 many skirmishes with the Hussites took place. In 1526 the King of Czech Lands and Hungary – Ludwik II Jagiellończyk (1506-1526), died without an heir and as a result Ferdinand Habsburg sat on the throne, and Zülz passed under the Habsburg rule. In 1544 a great fire destroyed the town.[1.2].

During the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648) the town was robbed by the Hohenzollern family. In 1654 a plague devastated the town. In 1742 Zülz, along with the whole Silesia region was attached to Prussia. Zülz was at that time a well known trade center, which had contacts with Wrocław, Kraków, Jarosław and other cities.

In 1791 and 1793 fires destroyed the town again.[1.3]. At the beginning of the 19th century embroidery and lace making developed. 

During World War II, in January 1945, Zülz was occupied by the Soviet Army. The Russians burnt part of the town buildings around the market square. Afterwards, the city was incorporated into the Polish territory.


  • [1.1] “Biała – Miasto i Gmina” Urząd Miasta Biała.
  • [1.2] “Bialski informator” Biała 1978.
  • [1.3] Joint work “Biała. Miasto i Gmina”, Miejsko-Gminny Ośrodek Kultury, Sportu, Turystyki i Rekreacji, Biała 2002.