The General Jewish Labour Bund of Lithuania, Poland and Russia was active in Częstochowa from 1902. During the interwar period, its offices were located at 17 Piłsudskiego Street. Moszek Lederman was its president, Abram Rozenblat – vice-president, Lajb Helfgot – secretary, Lejbuś Kaminski – treasurer, Icek Rozenfeld and Cauel Altman – board members. The Bund decried the activities of the Zionist movement. They were in favour of a socialist system but, in contrast to the Communists, they strived for Jewish cultural autonomy within Poland.

However, in the first years following the Polish independence, the Bund was not very popular in Częstochowa. In the 1919 parliamentary elections, they polled only 262 votes in the entire Częstochowa-Radomsko constituency. It was only after the dissolution of the Jewish Socialist Workers Party Feraynigte in 1922 that the Bund invigorated its activity. That year, the party's Arbeter Tsaytung (Worker's Newspaper”) was first published. The Bund members of the Town Council fought for more money for education, which made them more popular. In years 1925-1926 they secured subsidies for Jewish schools. The people's appreciation was shown in their election results – 1,239 votes in 1925 and 1,570 votes in 1927.

In June 1922, three Jewish parties – the Bund, Feraynigte and Poale Zion – formed the Częstochowa branch of the Central Jewish Organisation for Schooling “CISZO” (Polish acronym for “Centralna Żydowska Organizacja Szkolna”).

During the 1930s, the Czestochowa Bund remained in conflict with the left-wing Poale Zion party. On several occasions, the Bund members used wooden sticks and fists to break up Poale Zion meetings, which led to a weakening of the party's impact in Częstochowa.

In mid-1930s, the Bund came closer to the views held by Communists, becoming more radical and setting aside the reformist way of gaining power. In August 1934, the Bund merged with the Communist Party of Poland. The main aim for both parties was to fight fascism and save working class trade unions. Their major plan was to fight the Sanacja government. Some attempts by Poale Zion to join that united front resulted in failure. Among the organisations remaining under the Bund's influence were the youth organisation Yugnt – Bund “Tsukunft”, its children organisation Sotsyalistisher Kinder – Farband (Skif), women’s organisations, sports and school organisations, cooperatives and printing organisations[1.1].