A Jewish street existed in Góra as early as 1350. The deceased members of the local Jewish community were probably buried in the cemetery in Wrocław at that time.[[ref:|Alicke K.-D., Glogau (Schlesien), [in:] Aus der Geschichte jüdischer Gemeinden im deutschen Sprachraum [online] http://www.jüdische-gemeinden.de/index.php/gemeinden/e-g/736-glogau-schlesien [Accessed: 10 December 2014].]]


In the 14th century a wave of anti-Semitic outbursts swept Silesia. As a result, all Jews were expelled from Góra in 1362. They were not allowed to resettle there over the next centuries. It was not until the 19th century that Frederick William II, King of Prussia, issued an act allowing Jews to take up residence in the town. In 1849, 30 Jews lived in Góra. The number increased to 150 in 1895.[[ref:|Alicke K.-D., Glogau (Schlesien), [in:] Aus der Geschichte jüdischer Gemeinden im deutschen Sprachraum [online] http://www.jüdische-gemeinden.de/index.php/gemeinden/e-g/736-glogau-schlesien [Accessed: 10 December 2014].]] A synagogue was built in the town in the second half of the 19th century.


The population of Jews living in Góra dwindled at the turn of the 20th century. This was due to unfavorable economic circumstances and the outbreak of World War I. In 1933, when Hitler came to power, 57 people of Jewish decent lived in Góra.The Jewish population dropped to 27 people in 1937 because of Nazi repression. During Kristallnacht (The Night of Broken Glass) in 1938, military groups set fire to the synagogue and carried out violent attacks aimed at the last Jews in the town. In May 1939 only six people of Jewish decent lived in the town. They were most likely all executed by the Nazis.


After the war, a few Jews who had come from the former borderlands of the Second Republic of Poland lived in Góra.[[ref:|Bielawski K., Góra [online] http://cmentarze-zydowskie.pl/gora.htm [Accessed: 02 December 2014].]]


References


  • Alicke K.-D., Glogau (Schlesien), [in:] Aus der Geschichte jüdischer Gemeinden im deutschen Sprachraum [online] http://www.jüdische-gemeinden.de/index.php/gemeinden/e-g/736-glogau-schlesien [Accessed: 10 December 2014].
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