Góra Kalwaria is in located in close proximity to Warsaw (33 kilometres to the south of the capital). Due to this, the town’s Jewish community was strongly influenced by Warsaw’s political life. The contacts and political activity of local Jewish politicians was intertwined with the Jewish political community of Warsaw. So today it is very difficult to restore information on political affiliation of Góra Kalwaria Jews. No information on the leaders or members of political parties has survived in archival resources. The only known fact is that supporters of the Organisation of Orthodox Jews in Poland Agudas Isroel Union of Israel (an organisation associating Orthodox Jews) had their unofficial branch office in the town. Probably the organisation was also the most influential in the local community. All the more so given that Aguda was led by Tzadik Abraham Mordechaj Alter himself, according to archival resources[1.1]. There was also a large group supporting the Mizrachi Zionist Orthodox Organisation (it argued for the creation of an Israeli state in Palestine, the supremacy of the Hebrew language, equal rights for the Jewish population in Poland with full loyalty towards the Polish state) as well as the Jewish Social-Democratic Workers' Party the "Workers of Zion," or Poale Zion (it fought against discrimination of Jews and strived to improve their material conditions and workers’ rights). The latter had 50 members who held meetings on non-working days in a flat paid for by membership fees (in Piłsudskiego Street). Mojsze Skrzypek was the chairman of the organisation in Góra Kalwaria. No major activity of the Bund (proper name: the General Jewish Labour Union in Lithuania, Poland and Russia, an anti-Zionist Jewish left party) was recorded. In the 1930s, the Jewish community had two permanent representatives in the local government council[1.2].

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  • [1.1] Joskowicz P. M., Opowieść o życiu i cierpieniu (A Story of Life and Suffering), J. Domasłowska-Szulc, E. Wrona, M. Jankowska (eds), Warsaw, 1996.
  • [1.2] Kawka M., “Po prostu człowiek (Simply a Man)”, [in:] Kurier Południowy, 2012, no 432 [online] 6 April 2012 http://www.kurierpoludniowy.pl/wiadomosci.php?art=8781 [accessed on: 23 August 2014].