The new synagogue in Katowice, also called ''The Great'' one, was built in 1900 on the contemporary Mickiewicza street. That splendid building, which could seat about 1000 worshippers, was the most beautiful building in the city.

The synagogue was designed by Ignatz Grünfeld, an architect from Katowice. His building company built both the first and the second synagogue in Katowice. The Great Synagogue was erected on a parcel on Uferstrasse (Ufer street), later August-Schneider-Strasse (the contemporary Mickiewicza street). Its ground surface was about 4400 m2. During the desing process, Grünfeld got his inspiration from German reform synagogues (among other things, The Great Synagogoue in Berlin and the Bohum synagogue).

The synagogue in Katowice was erected in connected architectural styles:Neo-Gothic, Neo-Renaissance and Moorish[[refr:"nazwa"| [stan na 31 I 2010 r.].]]. The most characteristic element of the synagogue was a great sumptuously decorated dome with a rib vault, placed directly above the main prayer room. There was a lamp on the top if it. There were huge windows on the side walls, built in the Late Gothic style. They were decorated a lacy tracery and a pediment ending with spires[[refr:"nazwa"| [stan na 31 I 2010 r.].]]. Inside the main prayer room were seats for 670 men and 514 women.

An administration building of Jewish community (nowadays, there is a clinic), a new mikveh (nowadays, there is a residence of the insurance company), a ritual poultry butchery and a matzah bakery were built at the back of the synagogue. Nearby, a school building was built at the same time as the synagogue. It works up to this day as High School of Adam Mickiewicz.

To avoid any disturbance from the street noise during the service, a pavement on the road adjacent to the building was acousticly insulated with cork. In 1937-38, near the synagogue, a five-storied building was erected, where a prayer room and a residence of community institutions were placed.

The synagogue was destroyed by Germans on 4 September 1939. During occupation, Gestapo residence was located in the part of buildings that were not destroyed. After war, there was a project to rebuild the synagogue. However, these plans were not realized. Finally, the salvaged buildings of Jewish community administration were changed into a clinic.

Nowadays, in a place where in the past was The Great Synagogue, between Mickiewicz and Skarga streets, there is an obelisk ''to commemorate the memory of Jews living in Katowice – murdered by German inveders in 1939-45.'' It was exhibited on the citizens' committe initiative. The committe was set in 1988. Near to its residence there is a fair. A project of rebuilding the synagogoue on its original location was born on the Or-Chaim (The Light of Life) foundation initiative with the cooperation with Evangelical, Catholic and Jewish environments. It would become a symbol of the lasting memory, and also a symbol of Polish-Jewish reconciliation.