During World War One, the Jewish community of Lublin was very negatively affected by the military operations. There was widespread hunger and poverty. The Jewish Rescue Committee was to provide support to the poorest community members. The organisation was headed by Jakub Kipman, who was at the same time chairman of the Jewish Community of Lublin. The Committee successfully established: four poorhouses, two tea shops, shops for the poor and summer camps for Jewish children[1.1].