Textile factory "Schlösser”. The beginnings of textile industry in Ozorków date back to 1807, which was when Ignacy Starzyński, the owner of the Strzeblew property, which also included Ozorków, concluded an agreement with a dozen or so cloth makers who were planning to move to the area. In 1817, a manorial fulling mill, mill and sawmill were established in Ozorków by the pond known as "Piła"; each was powered by its own water wheel. Near another pond, the so-called "Wałach", another fulling mill and water mill could be found, each powered by two water wheels (Goldberg, Obraniak, 139-144). In 1817, there were 294 cloth makers, 162 apprentices and 1,176 labourers working in Ozorków (Missalowa, I, 40). It was, therefore, quite a large cloth making centre for that time.

A turning point in the history of textile industry in Ozorków came in 1821 with the conclusion of an agreement between the owner of the lands and Fryderyk and Henryk Schlösser, newcomers from Germany, which served as the basis for the construction of textile workshops in the town, next to the "Piła" pond. In the years 1822-1823, a masonry building was constructed on the site of the former sawmill, or just next to it; it had the dimensions of about 22x12x6.5 m and housed a wool spinning mill powered by the force of the water generated by the sawmill machinery. A masonry building for rinsing wool was constructed near to the Bzura river as well. Fryderyk Schlösser leased the mill and the "Piła" fulling mill. As the two buildings were adjacent to each other, it is highly possible that they were intended for a bigger fulling mill. In 1830, Schlösser also became the owner of the fulling mill and the "Wałach" mill, where a wool spinning mill was set up. In 1834, a new set of spinning machines was delivered from Saxony, which greatly increased the mill’s output.

In the 1840s, the first steam engine was installed at the plant. The production increased to 1,200 hanks of yarn a week, with 350 workers employed in the factory. The selection of available yarn increased as well - from the lowest numbers to warp number 30 and weft number 40. Further expansion works were also being carried out. In 1844, a residential palace was constructed – it has survived to this day as an office building. In about 1856, a plant located near the bottom pond called "Strzeblewski" was purchased from Launze, the local factory owner who went bankrupt. This way, the enterprise acquired land needed for the construction of a new factory. The plants were located in several places in Ozorków. The main complex of buildings was located at the "Piła" pond. There, the spinning mill was the oldest buolding - a masonry one-storey building with a roof covered with plain roof tiles. In another section of Ozorków, near the "Walach' pond, a wooden spinning mill was built next to residential buildings – it was a wooden one-storey building with a roof covered with plain roof tiles. The third spinning mill was located in the market square in Strzeblewo - a masonry one-storey building with a roof covered with plain roof tiles. The mills produced a wide range of products: weft yarn (no. 10-46), warp yarn (no. 8-34), chalan yarn (no. 6-8), wick yarn (no. 8-10) and various types of hosiery yarn.

The Schlösser facilities were divided into two separate industrial enterprises. The spinning mill "Na Strzeblewie" was doing relatively well and a new three-storey masonry building was constructed on its site. In 1881, the plant was equipped with a steam engine with the capacity of 80 HP, a water turbine with the capacity of 5 HP and 9,500 spindles. About 306 workers were employed there, including 198 women, 69 men and 39 underage workers. The annual production value was 328,000 roubles.

In 1893, the Schlosser factory buildings were damaged by fire. The year 1895 saw the establishment of a new company, called "Schlösserowskie Przędzalnie Bawełny i Tkalnie Towarzystwo Akcyjne" - a joint-stock company dealing with cotton spinning and weaving. The share capital of the company was 1 million roubles (1,000 shares, 1,000 roubles each). The new plants were partially constructed on the site of the factory which had burnt down and partially on the adjacent plots which had been previously acquired. First, in 1896, a spinning mill for 15,000 spindles was opened. Its full production capacity was achieved several years later, after the spinning mill and finishing shop had been commissioned. Cotton brought from India was the principal raw material used.

In 1905, the plant, which occupied several individual buildings, was equipped with four steam engines with the total capacity of 1,265 HP. The plant employed 1,100 workers. It manufactured various types of cloth: batiste, cotton material, bedlinen, towels, handkerchiefs and other products. The annual production value amounted to ca. 1,700,000 roubles. The company had its warehouses in Warsaw, Łódź, Moscow, Odessa, Kharkiv, Berdychiv, Rostov-on-Don and Riga (Jeziorański, no. 3385).

In later years, the plant continued to develop considerably. In the first years after WWI, the condition of the plant was still quite good. In 1926 and 1927, the dividend was 6%, and in 1928 as much as 8%. However, the dividend was no longer paid out in 1929 and 1930. In 1930, the share capital of the factory was 4,500,000 Polish zloty. (1,000 shares, each at 4,500 Polish zloty). The cotton spinning mill had 36,660 thin spindles, 2,432 thread spindles; the weaving mill had 726 cotton looms. Teaseling, bleaching and dyeing rooms were in operation as well (R.p.p. i h. 1932, no. 2895).

During the times of crisis, the plant was in dire need of working capital. This difficult situation resulted in the plant ultimately being taken into lease in 1936 by a company called "M. Fogel," which owned a much smaller textile factory in Ozorków. In 1936, the plant employed 2,400 workers and 79 administrative workers. The plant's annual production was estimated at 12,000,000 Polish zloty (R.p.p. i h. 1938, no. 9882 et al.).

During WWII the plant was closed down and the buildings were destroyed. In 1942, a branch of "Junkers" aircraft factory was opened there. After the war, the factory was taken over by a workers' committee and commenced operation as a cotton factory. It currently belongs to "Ozorkowskie Zakłady Przemysłu Baweł­nianego," a cotton manufacturer. Among the older buildings, attention should be paid to the former palace from 1844, currently used as office space, a former reeling room and several halls constructed in the second half of the 19th century and the early 20th century. Almost all these buildings have been considerably modified and modernised.

The entry was written on the basis of the text Katalog zabytków budownictwa przemysłowego w Polsce, issued since 1958, on the permission of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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