S. Bronowski’s enterprise in Łódź was established in 1903. In 1938, it was located at 15 Zachodnia Street. According to the Yearbook of Polish Industry and Trade, its owner at the time was still M. S. Bronowski, and its director – S. Żmigród. The enterprise was involved in wholesale and retail trade in sheet metal and building materials, including those imported from the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and Czechoslovakia. Based on data from Yad Vashem, it can be assumed that Bronowski’s first name was probably Mojżesz and that he died in the Holocaust. However, his son-in-law Samson Żmigród survived; before the war, he married Zosia Bronowska (born in 1904; victim of the Holocaust).


  • Rocznik polskiego przemysłu i handlu (Yearbook of Polish Industry and Trade), Warsaw 1938, no. 1531.

The Project was co-financed by the Kronenberg Foundation at Citi Handlowy.