The old Jewish cemetery was located between Bazarowa Street, Zachodnia Street, Limanowskiego Street and Rybna Street. It was the oldest Jewish cemetery in Łódź. It was established in 1811 on the land bought from Adam Lipiński and his wife Magdalena. The cemetery area was 1820 square ells. The area was fenced off. Earlier, the Łódź Jews had been buried in the Lutomiersk Jewish cemetery. As the kehilla kept growing, land was being bought to increase the cemetery area. The cemetery was used by the kehilla for over 80 years. Today it is difficult to say how many people are buried here. The cemetery documents were destroyed at the beginning of World War I. According to Filip Friedman’s findings, from 1819 to 1894, 4808 adults and 8347 children were buried in the cemetery. The cemetery was closed down in 1892. However, burials  still took place there in 1893 and 1894. The people who had bought a place there earlier were burried  there. The last burial took place in 1922. The deceased person was Efraim Lande, buried in the ohel of his father Symche Binem. The cemetery was destroyed in World War II. The Germans dug out the tombstones and used them to pave the streets. The iron gate was moved to the new cemetery in Bracka Street. The final liquidation of the cemetery took place in 1949, when part of it was designated for the new Zachodnia Street. The remaining area was designated by the city authorities for a construction site and blocks of flats were built there.

In 2007 during works to construct a tram track at the crossroads of Limanowskiego and Zachodnia Streets human remains were found. An account of the works to construct the track can be found on the website.

The old Jewish cemetery was the resting place of, among others:

  • Abbe Dawid Wolf (fwho came rom Zduńska Wola, master weaver, founder of a new method of yarn production),
  • Baruch Mojżesz (for many years a member of the Great Synagogue Board, industrialist from Pabianice),
  • Beharier Mojżesz Jehoszua (his father, Natan Nuta, was a rabbi in Lutomiersk),
  • Berger Lejzer (traded in yarn and cotton products, belonged to the committee for construction of the new synagogue, donated a significant amount for its construction),
  • Berger Mordechaj,
  • Berman Jerachmiel (Hasid from Kock. According to legend he guided Napoleon’s troops through the forest from Łódź to Brzeziny, and got a letter of thanks for his deed),
  • Bławat Szloma Icchak (Mszczonów Tzadik’s Hasid),
  • Boem Jakób (the first Łódź Jew allowed to live in Średnia Street, which did not belong to the Jewish district; member of the maskilim group),
  • Bronowski Abram,
  • Bronowski Lewek,
  • Brustowski Jakób (famous and eminent sofer (scribe) of the Torah scrolls, tefillins and mezuzahs; Przysucha Tzadik’s Hasid),
  • Brzeziński Joel,
  • Dembiński Dawid,
  • Eizenschmid Moszek (contributed to the development of ribboning),
  • Fajtlowicz Mojżesz (inhabitant of Piotrków; One of the founders of the cemetery’s Chewra Kadisza in 1811),
  • Fajtlowicz Elchana (Mojżesz Fajtlowicz’s grandson; several times held the position of the Elder of the Burial Fraternity),
  • Frenkiel Jakób,
  • Goldberg Henoch (came from Warsaw; traded in yarn and cotton products; he belonged to the Council of the Eighteen of the Chewra Kadisza),
  • Goldrath Manes,
  • Grosman Jakób,
  • Guterman Joel,
  • Gutsztadt Jankiel,
  • Halpern Gedalie,
  • Hamburski Mojżesz,
  • Hamburski Elchana Jakób,
  • Heber Becalel Jehuda,
  • Horończyk Abraham Jakób,
  • Kaczka Jakób (born in Piotrków; Founder of a cheder in Łódź; He also acted as a matchmaker),
  • Kochański Szymon,
  • Kochański Wiktor,
  • Kromholtz Icek,
  • Lajzerowicz Abraham,
  • Lajzerowicz Daniel,
  • Landau Abe,
  • Landau Józef,
  • Lewkowicz Abram,
  • Lipski Hersz,
  • Lipski Lejbuś,
  • Lipszyc Mojżesz,
  • Litman Szmul,
  • Łaski Marcin,
  • Mantinband Markus,
  • Marokko Aszer Lemel (completed yeshiva in Stryków, obtaining a rabbi licence; in 1842 he became a deputy rabbi and religious judge in Łódź. He held the position of deputy rabbi for 45 years),
  • Meir Beln Jakób,
  • Naumberg Chaskiel,
  • Orbach Menachem Mendel,
  • Ordynans Hersz,
  • Perelmuter Lejzer,
  • Pilgrym Mojsze Wolf,
  • Poznański Kalman,
  • Prussak Abraham Mojżesz,
  • Prussak Abraham,
  • Rokicki Cwi Hersz,
  • Rozenblat Dawid,
  • Silberstein Joachim,
  • Sonenberg Jakób Wołek,
  • Sonenberg Pinkus,
  • Szefner Abram,
  • Tugenhold Samuel,
  • Urbach Michał,
  • Wagowski Jakób,
  • Wajnberg Baruch Ber,
  • Wiązowski Jakób Kopel,
  • Witelsohn Dawid,
  • Zajdler Pinkus,
  • Zalcman Samuel Jecheskiel,
  • Żołnierski Szlama[1.1].
     

 

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Footnotes
  • [1.1] I. Kersz, The old Jewish cemetery…, p. 30-40.