The Jewish community in Osiek was established relatively late, in the second half of the 19th century. At the end of the century, there were about 50 Jewish families in the town who made up 25% of the total population.[1.1] The town was home to an organized religious community. During World War I 10-20 families left Osiek for larger towns.[1.1.1]

In 1926, the community numbered 920 people (108 families).[1.2] In 1929, 100 families were obliged to pay contributions to the community.[1.3] In 1933 the community was made up of 756 people (113 families).[1.4] Another decline in the number of Jews in the town took place in the second half of the 1930s. By 1938, there were only 428 Jews in all, and 76 families were obliged to pay contributions.

The Osiek community was poor and did not have an archives (the rabbi kept all documents) or a butchery for ritual slaughter (the slaughter of fowl was performed in the yard).[1.5] The community owned a brick synagogue covered with shingle, a brick mikveh (renovated in 1927), and a cemetery surrounded by a wall on three sides and fence on one.[1.6] In 1930 there was a cheder called “Mizrachi” in the town that was attended by 45 boys. Aron Klajner was one of the teachers at the cheder.[1.1.3] In 1938 the community’s movable property was valued at 1,795zl and immovable property at 6,000zl. The community’s debt amounted to 819.16zl.

The Community Board was dominated by merchants; in 1924 it was comprised of Szmul Aba Goldhaar, Mejloch Langer, Szmul Josek Zylberberg, Szymsza (Simcha) Sztarkman, Lejwa Groshaus (Grozhauz), Abram Langarten, Szmul Rajter, and a carpenter named Szmul Erlich. There was only one voting list that was adopted by acclamation.[1.7] Between 1928-1930 the Board was headed by Sztarkman with Groshaus as his deputy.[1.8] [1.1.3] During the interwar period the function of rabbi was performed by Josek Boruch Goldberg, mentioned in documents from 1927.[1.9], 1928[1.10], and 1930.[1.1.3] In 1927 the community’ butchers were J. Horenfeld and G. Łoterszpil.[1.11] In 1929 the butcher Horenfeld retired.[1.12] Reports from the community of Osiek have been preserved for the years 1923–1938.raporty gminy w Osieku za okres 1923–1938

During the German occupation that began in September 1939, Jews were initially kept under guard; The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust uses the term “ghettoized” to describe their existence.[1.1.1] On 17 October 1942 all the Jews of Osiek were transported to Staszów and then sent to the extermination camp in Treblinka.[1.1.1]

Bibliography

  • Osiek (I), in: Sh. Spector, G. Wigoder (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, 2, (2001), 945.
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Footnotes
  • [1.1] Osiek (I), in: Sh. Spector, G. Wigoder (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, 2, (2001), 945.
  • [1.1.1] [a] [b] [c] Osiek (I), in: Sh. Spector, G. Wigoder (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, 2, (2001), 945.
  • [1.2] Archiwum Państwowe w Kielcach, Urząd Wojewódzki w Kielcach I, sygn. 1611, k. 22.
  • [1.3] Archiwum Państwowe w Kielcach, Urząd Wojewódzki w Kielcach I, sygn. 1647, k. 132.
  • [1.4] Archiwum Państwowe w Kielcach, Urząd Wojewódzki w Kielcach I, sygn. 1647, k. 244.
  • [1.5] Archiwum Państwowe w Kielcach, Urząd Wojewódzki w Kielcach I, sygn. 1611, k. 23.
  • [1.6] Archiwum Państwowe w Kielcach, Urząd Wojewódzki w Kielcach I, sygn. 1647, k. 25.
  • [1.1.3] [a] [b] [c] Archiwum Państwowe w Kielcach, Urząd Wojewódzki w Kielcach I, sygn. 1647, k. 132.
  • [1.7] Archiwum Państwowe w Kielcach, Urząd Wojewódzki w Kielcach I, sygn. 1501, k. 251.
  • [1.8] Archiwum Państwowe w Kielcach, Urząd Wojewódzki w Kielcach I, sygn. 1647, k. 25.
  • [1.9] Archiwum Państwowe w Kielcach, Urząd Wojewódzki w Kielcach I, sygn. 1611, k. 23.
  • [1.10] Archiwum Państwowe w Kielcach, Urząd Wojewódzki w Kielcach I, sygn. 1647, k. 15.
  • [1.11] Archiwum Państwowe w Kielcach, Urząd Wojewódzki w Kielcach I, sygn. 1647, k. 15.
  • [1.12] Archiwum Państwowe w Kielcach, Urząd Wojewódzki w Kielcach I, sygn. 1647, k. 43.