In 1765, there were 133 Jews in Auschwitz, while the entire community had 862 members[1.1].
The information referring to the period from the 19th century on is more precise. And thus, it states that, in 1861, Auschwitz had 2,792 residents, of whom 1,447 were Jewish (51.8%). In 1890, 5,054 people, including 2,535 (50.16%) Jews, inhabited the town. The information for the year 1895 reveals that the number of all the people living in Auschwitz was 5,414, including 3,036 Jews (56.58%)[1.2].

In 1900, there were 4,892 Jews in the municipality, while in 1904 – 5,023. In the same year, in the town alone, 3,063 (56.58%) out of 5,414 inhabitants were Jewish. In 1910, Auschwitz had 6,838 inhabitants, including 3,666 (53.58%) Jews, whereas four years later, in 1914, the number of all the residents increased to 10,126, the Jewish population had 5,358 (52.91%) members[1.3].

In 1921, Auschwitz numbered 12,187 inhabitants, including 4,950 (40.61%) Jews[1.4], and in 1939, according to different kinds of data, Auschwitz had 12,000, or 14,000 residents, of whom 7,000, or 8,200 (over 58%) were Jewish. As referred to in the German census taken in 1940, there were 11,209 people in Auschwitz, including 7,613 Jews (67.91%).

Other lists give the following information:
year 1880: total – 35,843; Jews – 3244 (9.1%),
year 1890: total – 39,721; Jews – 7164 (10.5%),
year 1900: total – 42,254; Jews – 4790 (11.3%),
year 1910: total – 49,995; Jews – 6559 (13.1%), although
in 1921: total – 51,931; Jews – 5984 (11.5%)[1.5].

The proportion between the birth rate among the Jews to the entire population was 12.9% (in every 1,000 Jews, the ratio of births was 31.9%, of deaths 10.2%, and of birth rate 21.7%)[1.6].

As to the municipalities in Biała County and Auschwitz Court County with no Jewish inhabitants, the numbers looked as follows:
1880: 65 municipalities in the county, including 15 municipalities with no Jews.
1900: 65 municipalities in the county, including 18 municipalities with no Jews.
1921 r. 65 municipalities in the county, including 29 municipalities with no Jews[1.1.5].

As far as the total population of the Jewish religious communities is concerned, in 1910, the whole Oświęcim Municipality had, in all, 56,790 residents, of whom 4,902 were Jewish (8.6%). The town alone had 6,841 inhabitants, of whom 3,779 were Jewish (55.2%). In 1921, out of 68,206 residents, the Jews constituted 8.7%, that is, 5,904 people in the municipality, and 40.6% in the town, that is, 4,950 out of 12,187 inhabitants[1.7].
 

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Footnotes
  • [1.1] Lucyna Filip, Żydzi w Oświęcimiu 1918-1941, Oświęcim 2003, p. 17.
  • [1.2] Lucyna Filip, Żydzi w Oświęcimiu 1918-1941, Oświęcim 2003, p. 22.
  • [1.3] Lucyna Filip, Żydzi w Oświęcimiu 1918-1941, Oświęcim 2003, pp. 34-35.
  • [1.4] Lucyna Filip, Żydzi w Oświęcimiu 1918-1941, Oświęcim 2003, p. 40.
  • [1.5] Bohdan Wasiutyński, Ludność żydowska w Polsce w wiekach XIX i XX. Studjum statystyczne, Warszawa 1930.
  • [1.6] Bohdan Wasiutyński, Ludność żydowska w Polsce w wiekach XIX i XX. Studjum statystyczne, Warszawa 1930, p. 196.
  • [1.1.5] Bohdan Wasiutyński, Ludność żydowska w Polsce w wiekach XIX i XX. Studjum statystyczne, Warszawa 1930.
  • [1.7] Krystyna Samsonowska, Wyznaniowe gminy żydowskie i ich społeczności w województwie krakowskim (1918-1939), Kraków 2005, p. 58.