The town of Paczków was founded in 1254 on the Flemish law by the Bishop of Wrocław Tomasz I, who wanted Paczków to defend the south-western border of the ecclesiastical Duchy of Nysa and Otmuchów. By the end of the 18th century, a fortified castle was built there.

From 1327, Paczków was under Czech dominium and shared the political fate of whole Silesia. In the mid-14th century, a double-fortified wall was constructed around the town. In 1428, the town was destroyed by the Czech Hussites. In 1507, the Habsburg family took over control of the Duchy of Nysa and Otmuchów. During the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648), the armies of both Sweden and the Empire plundered Paczków. As a result, there were only 100 people living in the town in 1648.

From 1742, the town belonged to Prussia as the majority of the Duchy of Nysa. In 1810, the bankrupted Prussian authorities looking for quick income took over Paczków and other episcopal estates from the Church and included it into the State Treasury. In 1874, a railway connection was established between Nysa and Kamieniec Ząbkowicki, which fostered the local economy.

In May 1945, the Soviet Army occupied Paczków. During the fighting, 15% of the city’s buildings were destroyed. As it was decided in Yalta and Potsdam, the town was incorporated to Poland. The German inhabitants were resettled and Polish settlers and migrants from Eastern Borderlands took their place. In 1950, Paczków belonged to the Opolskie Province. After rebuilding, the town became an important tourist centre thanks to its medieval fortifications. The popular main hiking trail in Sudetes ends here. Since 1999, the town belonges to the Nysa county in Podkarpackie Province.

 

Bibliography

  • B. Steinborn, Otmuchów. Paczków, Wrocław (1982).
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