In the first half of the 18th century, the Starost of Piaseczno started to settle Jews in the town. In 1740, this activity caused numerous protests of the part of the Christian townspeople. As a result, on 12 November 1740, August III issued a ban on the Jewish settlement in Piaseczno. However, the ban was not observed.

In 1748, the court inn was leased by Mosek Aronowicz. A Jewish barber also lived in the town. Towards the end of the 18th century, the starost located some Jewish stallholders near the marketplace[1.1].

The formal restrictions imposed in 1740 remained in effect till 1862. In spite of this, the number of Jews regularly increased. In 1797, there was already an independent kahal, which encompassed not only over Piaseczno but also the neighboring towns, including Jeziorna. However, the kahal did not last for long. At the beginning of the 19th century, the number of Jews significantly decreased. In 1808, there were only 26. The local Jews were under the rule of the kahal in Nadarzyn. Despite the loss of its organizational independence, the Jewish community in Piaseczno started to develop intensively. In 1818, it comprised 159 people, while in 1856, it numbered as many as 515. In 1818, they owned 22 wooden and eight brick houses.

In 1869, a Synagogue District was established in Piaseczno. It encompassed Piaseczno, Jeziorna, Skolimów, Bogatki and Wilanów. The first rabbi in Piaseczno was Josef Adamaszek, who held the position between 1869 and 1893. His successors included Noach Sakewnik (1893 – 1913), a Hasid from Góra Kalwaria, and Kelman Szapiro, from 1913). The last rabbi of Piaseczno was Haim Najfeld.

Between 1860 and 1862, a wooden synagogue was built. It burnt down in 1886. Another synagogue, a brick one, was built at the end of the 19th century. The infrastructure of the community was complemented by prayer houses located on 15 Niecała Street, in Rabbi Kelman Szapiro’s house, and in Nadarzyska Street.

When World War II broke out, and Piaseczno was captured by the German army, the Jews from the town fell victim to the first repressions. In December 1939, they were marked, as were the enterprises and companies they owned. The doors of Jewish houses and companies were painted yellow. At the same time, a tribute payment to the sum of 30,000 zlotys was imposed on the Jewish community. Large groups of Jewish refugees from different parts of Poland flocked to the town.

In January 1940, a Jewish Council (Judenrat) was set up. It consisted of 12 people. The council appointed the Coordination Committee for Feeding the Jewish Poor. Its chairman was Boruch Higier. People were obliged to work for the town, the German army and the local German farmers without pay. On 15 March 1940, a group of 61 displaced Jewish people from Łódź and Garwolin came to Piaseczno. Another group this one consisting of 185 people, came in June 1940.

In July 1940, the mayor of Piaseczno launched the construction work which lead to the opening of a ghetto. At first, the ghetto was intended to include Gruzowa, Kauna, Kilińskiego, Sierakowskiego, Wąska, Żabia, Staszica, Wschodnia and Niecała streets. Eventually, it was located in the southern part of the town, in the holiday district in the neighborhood of a forest. The borders of the ghetto were marked by Świętojańska, Jerozolimska, Topolowa, Czajewicza and Krótka streets.

In November 1940, the ghetto was settled. Its elimination started in January 1940. Between 22 and 27 January 1941, there was a regular influx of displaced Piaseczno inhabitants to Warsaw. Another group came to the Warsaw ghetto in the first half of February 1941. Most of the abandoned households were demolished. The Germans placed the Poles who were driven out of Pomerania and held in the temporary camp in Potulice in some of them[1.2].

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Footnotes
  • [1.1] Tadeusz Lalik, Piaseczno w dawnej Polsce XV-XVIIIw., [in:] Studia i materiały do dziejów Piaseczna i powiatu piaseczyńskiego. Praca zbiorowa pod redakcją Jerzego Antoniewicza, Warszawa 1973, p. 129-130.
  • [1.2] Tatiana Brustin-Berenstein, Deportacje i zagłada skupisk żydowskich w dystrykcie warszawskim, „Biuletyn Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego w Warszawie”, 1952, no 1, tab. IIa, p. 106-107; Józef Kaźmierski, Miasto Piaseczno i powiat piaseczyński w latach wojny i okupacji, [in:] Studia i materiały..., p. 264, 269; http://www.studnia.org/piaseczno/ramka.htm