The Jewish cemetery in Uchanie was established in the 16th century. It is located on the hill near the Roman Catholic church and a makeshift football field. The last known burial took place here in 1943.

The Nazis completely destroyed the cemetery during World War II and the tombstones were scattered over the neighboring fields. Two Jewish families were killed by the Nazis at the cemetery in October 1942.

No tombstones survived at the area of 0.6 ha[1.1]. The cemetery area was surrounded by a wire mesh around 1960. A football field was created in part of the cemetery. Jacob Finkelstein recalls: The cemetery had around a hundred and fifty square meters. One Jew from Uchanie had bought some land next to the cemetery before the war started but this piece of land was never used to bury people. The cemetery was clean and tidy and was full of tombstones. When Uchanie was occupied by the Germans, they started to take the tombstones and use them to make sidewalks. I saw them with my own eyes. Only a few tombstones remained in the cemetery until 1942. In 1942 Shavuot fell in May, on Sunday. On that day the Gestapo took forty three Jews to the cemetery. Some of the Jews were from Uchanie, some from Horodło. There were ten in each row and the Germans shot them, one by one. My four younger daughters saw it all. It was the day when I lost my uncle Motl and my grandfather’s brother Szlojme. A man called Zdzisław Masterleczuk lived near the cemetery. I met him in 1944 after Uchanie was liberated. Zdzisław took me to the place at the cemetery where the Gestapo killed my father. He was buried at the entrance of the cemetery[1.2].

In the recent years, local people have started to find tombstones buried in the ground. Since 2005 people have gradually began to bring tombstones they found to the Jewish cemetery and have place them upright in the ground. Currently, there are five very well-preserved tombstones at the Jewish cemetery in Uchanie. All tombstones have decorative designs and Hebrew inscriptions.

Location at mapa.szukacz.pl [as of the 8th of January 2008].

Print
Footnotes
  • [1.1] P. Burchard, Pamiątki i zabytki kultury żydowskiej w Polsce, Warszawa 1990, p. 178.
  • [1.2] Jewish cemetery in Uchanie, Cemeteries– Jewish cemeteries in Poland, http://www.kirkuty.xip.pl/uchanie.htm, [as of the 8th of January 2009].