The Jewish hospital at 17 Dworska Street (currently 17 Kasprzak Street), located in Czyste[1.1], was established in 1902. It was designed by Artur Goebel. The prime movers behind hospital construction and promoters of a fundraiser for that cause were the Natanson family, for whom Goebel had designed the Financial House at the corner of Czacki and Traugutt Streets (at the time, respectively, Włodzimierska and Count Berg Streets). Ludwik Natanson (1821-1896), M.D., Chairman of the Medical Society of Warsaw and the Warsaw Jewish Community, played a key role in the establishment of the hospital. The architect Naum Horstein, known for designing the still existing mikveh, a Jewish ritual bath building in Prague, collaborated with Goebel on the hospital construction work.

At the beginning of the 20th century the hospital in Czyste was the most modern hospital in Warsaw. For the first time on Polish soil the low pressure steam central heating was installed, as well as gas and electric lighting, power generator unit, mechanical ventillation, sewage and mains water systems[1.2]. In 1902 the hospital housed 450 beds divided between internal medicine, surgical and gynaecological wards and 100 beds on the psychiatric ward. Prior to the outbreak of the Second World War the hospital housed 1500 beds. The patients were attended by 147 doctors, 119 nurses and 6 pharmacists. Currently the former Jewish hospital building houses the Wola Hospital (Szpital Wolski).

Further reading:

  • J. Kasprzycki, Na Czystem, in: “Korzenie Miasta. Warszawskie Pożegnania”, vol. 5, (1999)
  • Z. Kramsztyk, Nowy Szpital, in “Kurier Warszawski”, (25 June 1883).
  • K. Mórawski, Warszawskie judaica, (1997).
  • Nowy Szpital Starozakonnych w Warszawie. Księga pamiątkowa. Sprawozdanie Komitetu Budowy, (1909).
  • J. Zieliński, Kasprzaka, in: “Atlas Dawnej Architektury Ulic i Placów Warszawy” (Atlas of the Historical Architecture of Streets and Squares in Warsaw), vol.5, (1999) [extended architectural specification of the selected buildings].

The building has been put on the Listed Buildings Register.

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Footnotes
  • [1.1] Formerly a village outside Warsaw city limits, nowadays within the area of Wola district.
  • [1.2] E. Małkowska-Bieniek, Śladami warszawskich Żydów, (1912; reprint 2009), 160.