The history of the Warszawa-Mokotów Remand Centre, also referred to as the Mokotów Prison, started at the beginning of the 20th century. Between 1902 and 1904, Russian authorities built a penal institution for 800 prisoners. After World War I, the prison was developed and served also as a remand centre.

During World War II, the prison was taken over by the Nazis and operated under the German name of Deutsche Strafanstalt. Numerous Polish citizens, including those who helped Jews, were confined there. Before the ghetto’s central jail in Gęsia Street was established, people of Jewish origin caught on the streets outside of the Ghetto or seized in their flats due to denunciation, were kept in cells at Mokotów. In an article about the ghetto’s central jail, Zygmunt Hoffman mentions that among the prisoners held outside of the Ghetto “many were on the verge of death due to starvation, and many others suffered from tuberculosis or typhus [1.1].

After World War II, SS-Gruppenführer Juergen Stroop, who was responsible for the liquidation of the Warsaw Ghetto and numerous crimes on Jews, was held and executed at the Mokotów Prison. Before his death, Stroop spent several months in a cell with Kazimierz Moczarski, a journalist and a former Commander of the Bureau of Information and Propaganda of the Union for Armed Struggle and Polish Home Army (Polish: Biuro Informacji i Propagandy ZWZ-AK). Stroop’s stories inspired Moczarski to write his well-known book called "Conversations with an Executioner".

  • [1.1] Hoffman Z., Areszt Centralny w Getcie Warszawskim, „Biuletyn Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego”, April-June 1989, No. 2/150, 65–71.