Wyszogród, first mentioned as a fortified town, appears in 1065 in the so-called Falsyfikat mogileński (a royal document, which may actually have been created in 1155, listing properties belonging to the Mogilno Benedictine monastery).  The Duke of Mazovia, Konrad I, erected a castle replacing the town in the early 12th century.  Beginning in the 13th century, Wyszogród became the castellan’s seat, and in the 14th century the capital of Wyszogród Land. 

The town was located by Janusz I, Duke of Mazovia, in 1398.  He allowed the town to earn money from a scale, a cloth cutting enterprise and baths.  The burghers were exempt from paying customs duties.  The town benefited from its location at the intersection of roads connecting Wyszogród with Płock, Płońsk and Bodzanów.  The inhabitants’ occupations were agriculture, crafts and trade.  The town’s location at the navigable Vistula facilitated trade in grains, cloth and timber.  In the 15th century, Wyszogród became the main center of the cloth industry in Mazovia. 

Privileges granted in 1519, 1536, 1537 and 1540 contributed to its development.  In the 1560s, over 300 different artisans were active in the town.  The wars of 1655-1660 and the fires in 1747, 1773 and 1799 contributed to its decline.  The castle was also damaged.  Wyszogród began to reconstruct slowly in the 19th century with the appearance of industry and a livening up of trade.  Dye works, two tanneries, a hat factory, three distilleries and a cloth enterprise were created.  In 1827, 180 artisans worked here.  The role of Wyszogród again diminished in the middle of the 19th century following the construction of railway connections between Warsaw and different parts of the Polish lands.  The importance of trade on the Vistula diminished. 

The town again became somewhat more dynamic in the interwar period.  The population grew, setting a record of 6,400, the highest in the history of the town. 

During World War II, Wyszogród was largely destroyed.  After the war, it was gradually rebuilt, and today it remains a small center of trade, services and production.  It is known in Poland and Europe for its longest wooden bridge in Europe[1.1].

Administrative location

Until the 18th century – Kingdom of Poland, Duchy of Płock, Płock Land, Płock Province
1793-1807 - Prussia, New East Prussia Province
1807-1815 – Duchy of Warsaw, Płock Department
1815-1918 - Russia (Kingdom of Poland), Płock Province, Plotskaia Guberniia, Sierpc District
1918-1939 - Poland, Warsaw Province, Płock District
1939-1945 – Germany, Third Reich, East Prussia Province, Regierungsbezirk Ciechanów, Płock District
1945-1975 - Warsaw Province
1975-1998 - Płock Province
Since 1999 - Mazovia Province

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Footnotes

  • [1.1] Miasta polskie w tysiącleciu, vol. 2, (Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków:  Zakład Narodowy imienia Ossolińskich Wydawnictwo, 1967), p. 523.