The history of the village of Zawoja can be traced back to the second half of the 16th century, when it was a part of the village of Skawica and was called Skawica Górna (“Upper Skawica”). The first mention of Zawoja in historical sources dates back to 1646, when it was part of Lanckoroński County. In 1757, a parish subsidiary was opened in Maków Podhalański; in 1835, it became an independent parish.

In 1772, Zawoja was annexed by Austria. In 1836, the village of Skawica was divided as the authorities believed its administrative structure was too big. The name “Zawoja” most probably referred to a part of the village[1.1]. In 1847, the entire region suffered from famine, followed by epidemics of cholera and typhus.

In the second half of the 20th century, an iron production factory was built in Zawoja as a supporting plant for the steelworks in Maków Podhalański. In 1895, the village had its own school, post office and, most importantly, a large number of inhabitants – there were almost 5,000 people in living there, much more than in many towns[1.1.1].

After World War I, in 1918, Zawoja returned to Poland. In 1928, it was decided for the village to be converted into a summer resort, so numerous guesthouses and restaurants were built.

On 2 April 1969, Polish passenger plane An-24 crashed near the village of Zawoja (on the southern bank of the Pilica), killing 53 people. A monument was erected at the site of the crash in 2009.

Bibliography

  • Harasimczyk J. H., Gmina Zawoja, Krosno 2003.
  • Zawoja, [in] Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich, vol. XIV, ed. B. Chlebowski, Warszawa 1893, p. 500.
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Footnotes
  • [1.1] Zawoja, [in] Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich, vol. XIV, ed. B. Chlebowski, Warsaw 1893, p. 500.
  • [1.1.1] Zawoja, [in] Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich, vol. XIV, ed. B. Chlebowski, Warsaw 1893, p. 500.