People's Army: the armed formation of the Polish Workers' Party, the underground Communist Party acting in Poland occupied by Germany in the years 1942-1945. PWP’s first militia was the People's Guard (GL); it was founded in March 1942. On 1 January 1944, after joining a small number of Peasant Battalions troops and socialist militias, the People's Guard was renamed into the People's Army. It operated in the central Poland; most of the partisan troops were created in the region of Lublin. They cooperated with the Soviet partisans. The GL Commandant was Francis Jozwiak (formally, until December 1942 this function was actually held by Boleslav Molojec), while the People’s Army: General Michael Rola-Zymierski. The size of the People’s Army at the end of the war was about 30 thousand soldiers. On 21 July 1944 the Polish Army was merged with the formed in 1943 in the USSR People's Army, creating a Polish People's Army. On the lands west of the Vistula the People’s Army troops fought till the end of German occupation.
The term was created within the framework of the project Zapisywanie świata żydowskiego w Polsce [recording the Jewish environment in Poland], whose author is Anka Grupińska, a well-known Polish journalist and writer, specializing in the modern history of the Polish Jews. The project, initiated in 2006 by the Museum of the History of Polish Jews, consists in recording interviews with Polish Jews from all generations.