Powstanie w getcie warszawskim

The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising: in Warsaw Ghetto were two conspiratorial armed organizations: the Jewish Combat Organization (Żydowska Organizacja Bojowa, ŻOB) and the Jewish Military Union (Żydowski Związek Wojskowy, ŻZW), which had all together few hundreds of soldiers. They were buying the gun, making it by themselves or they received it from Home Army (Armia Krajowa, AK). The commandant of ŻOB was Mordechaj Anielewicz. When on 19th April 1943 Germans entered the ghetto in order to pursue its ultimate liquidation, the uprising began. German forces consisted of about 2 000 soldiers, they also had tanks and artillery. Since the second day of the uprising Gen. Jurgen Stroop has been their commander. During few first days the rebels were attacking: the biggest battles were taking place at Nalewka and Zamenhofa Streets, on the territory of broom-makers workshop at Franciszkańska Street, which was defended by The General Jewish Labour Bund (Powszechny Żydowski Związek Robotniczy, Bund) groups and at Muranowski Square, where ŻZW groups were fighting. The forces of insurgents were getting weaker. After few days Germans began to set on fire one house after another in the ghetto and look for people who were hiding in underground shelters. On 8th May a shelter of Command of ŻOB at Miła 18 Street was detected. A group of rebels with commandant Anielewicz committed suicide. Two days later another group with Cywia Lubetkin and Marek Edelman left the ghetto using municipal sewers and was transported by lorries to the woods near Łomianki. In the ghetto Germans caught 56 000 people during the uprising. A part of them was shot down immediately, another part was sent to the extermination camp in Treblinka and last part to Majdanek. On 16th May 1943 Jurgen Stroop blew up the Great Synagogue at Tłomackie Street, announcing the end of existence of Jewish district in Warsaw.

The term was created within the framework of the project Zapisywanie świata żydowskiego w Polsce [recording the Jewish environment in Poland], whose author is Anka Grupińska, a well-known Polish journalist and writer, specializing in the modern history of the Polish Jews. The project, initiated in 2006 by the Museum of the History of Polish Jews, consists in recording interviews with Polish Jews from all generations.
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