Interviewee Name: Mrs. Hana Tchernihovsky (daughter of the Interview Subjects - 74 years old when interviewed)

Abraham Raucher was born in 1901 in Stanisławów, Poland. Abraham's parents were Frida-Shlomit and Arie Raucher (Schreier – Tau). Arie's father was Zvi-Hirsh Schreier.

The original family name was Schreier, but because Stanisławów was part of Galicia in the Austrian-Hungarian Empire and after the First World War, under Polish control, the government changed their family name several times: first from Schreier to Tau and then to Raucher. When Abraham was born the family name was Raucher.

Abraham had a brother and three sisters: Yuzek (the older brother), Mala-Amalia (born 1906), Ruzha-Rachel (born 1911); the third sister died tragically as an infant after falling into a hole in the ground.

Abraham's family was a traditional Jewish family. They were religious but not very orthodox. They kept kosher, observed the Sabbath and all the Jewish holidays and went to the synagogue on Sabbath and holidays. On Passover they used to clean out all the Hametz (all food forbidden on Passover) and celebrated Leil Haseder (festive meal) with reading the Hagada, singing the songs of Passover and eating special food, matza and food his mother cooked, such as chicken soup. Abraham's family spoke Polish, Russian and Yiddish.

When Abraham was a little boy, he was ill with the sleeping sickness, but luckily he recuperated within a few months. Abraham studied at a Jewish school in Stanisławów and he learned the Hebrew language. Abraham was very Zionist and joined the Zionist youth movement Hashomer Hatzair in Stanisławów, where he became a leader. Whenever there was a vacation from school, he trained the members of the Hachshara (preparation training for immigration to Palestine) of the Hashomer Hatzair. Abraham's sisters were in the Hashomer Hatzair youth movement as well.

Abraham's brother Yuzek finished high school in Stanisławów and then studied Chemistry at a University in the Czech Republic. After getting his degree he returned to Stanisławów and got married and had a daughter.

Abraham's sister Mala finished high school in Stanisławów and then studied dentistry in France.

Abraham's sister Ruzha finished high school in Stanisławów and then studied to be a kindergarten teacher in Vienna where she remained. She married Benyo-Benyamin Shtreit and worked as a kindergarten teacher.

Abraham was a dedicated Zionist and decided to be a Halutz (pioneer) in Palestine (Eretz Israel), work its land and build kibbutzim (the Hebrew plural for collective communities that combines socialism and Zionism).

Abraham had a girlfriend, Bilha, in Stanisławów. She was a Zionist too. Abraham and Bilha promised their families that they would have their wedding in Poland before immigrating to Palestine. They decided that Abraham would go to Palestine for a few months and in the meantime, Bilha and the families would make the preparations for the wedding and immigration. Abraham would return to Stanisławów for the wedding and then Abraham and Bilha would go to Palestine together.

When he was 20 years old, in January 1921, he immigrated to Palestine as part of The Third Aliyah (the third wave of the Jewish immigration to Palestine from Europe inspired by Zionist motives between the years 1919 and 1923; from the end of the First World War until the start of the economic crisis in the country).

Abraham was a member of Gdud Ha`avoda {Organization of Halutzim (pioneers) with the goal of working, building communal settlements and defending them}. He worked on Kibbutz Beit-Alfa paving roads. As they had planned, Abraham returned to Stanisławów after a few months, married Bilha and celebrated the wedding with both their families.

Bilha - Menucha (nee) Drimer was born in 1900 in Stanisławów. Bilha's parents were Frimet and Michael Drimer. Frimet and Michael had 5 children: Nachum, Bilha, Shmuel (Shmelko), a daughter (name not recalled) and Aharon. Bilha's family was religious. There was a synagogue in the inner yard of the building where they lived. Bilha's family spoke Polish and Yiddish.

Bilha and her brothers and sister studied at a Jewish school in Stanisławów. After finishing high school she worked as a secretary in the Law office of the Jewish lawyer, Dr. Kasviner in Stanisławów.

After the wedding, Bilha and Abraham went to Palestine. Abraham changed his family name to a Hebrew name: Ashani (the meaning of Raucher is 'to smoke fish, meat etc' and in Hebrew ashan means 'smoke'). They lived in a one room apartment with a communal kitchen with their neighbors in Haifa.

Abraham worked in paving roads and after a few years began to work for the municipality of Haifa. Bilha worked for a while cleaning houses. In January 1935 their daughter Hana was born.

In the summer of 1937, Bilha and Hana visited the family in Stanisławów. Abraham stayed in Palestine, but was very worried because it began to be dangerous in Stanisławów for Jews. He sent Bilha a telegram asking her to shorten the visit and come back to Palestine sooner.

At the beginning of the 30s, the economic situation in Poland was bad and Bilha's brother Nachum, couldn’t find a job. He had a girl friend, Elvira, from Yugoslavia, whose brother advised them to go to Morocco. They moved to Morocco and Nachum worked in a shipping company. They moved to Cannes, France in their retirement years at the beginning of the 80s.

Bilha's brother Shmuel got married to Sara and their first son Shimon was born in 1934. They immigrated to Palestine at the beginning of 1939. Their daughter Rivka was born in 1944.

[…]

Bilha's youngest brother Aharon, was a wood engraving artist. As a present for Bilha and Abraham's wedding, he made them a wooden box with the engraving of Benyamin Ze`ev Herzl.

Abraham's grandfather, Zvi-Hirsh Schreier, immigrated to Palestine at the end of 1938 in order to be buried in Palestine (Eretz Israel). He died in Israel and was buried on the "Mt. of Olives" in Jerusalem.

Abraham's sister Rachel and her husband Benyo, immigrated from Vienna to Palestine in 1938. They have 2 daughters: Shula (today married with 3 children and a grandson) and Batia (today married, with a son, Itai).

In September 1939 the Second World War began and Stanisławów was appended to Russia and became a part of the Soviet-Ukraine republic. However, on July 2nd [1941], 10 days after the German invasion to Russia, Stanisławów was conquered by the Hungarians the allies of the Germans, and at the end of July, Stanisławów was taken over by the Germans. Abraham and Bilha lost contact with their families in Stanisławów. Abraham's parents and Bilha's parents and her youngest sister and youngest brother, Aharon, were murdered by the Nazis during the Holocaust.

Abraham's brother Yuzek survived, but his wife and daughter didn’t survive and were murdered by the Nazis. Yuzek immigrated to Palestine in 1946 and lived at first with Abraham and Bilha in Haifa. He met Lia, a dentist, in Haifa and they got married.

Abraham's sister Mala immigrated from France to Israel and married Yosef Yad Shalom. They have 3 children […].

Bilha died in 1969 and Abraham died in 1981.

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