There were also in Radom other, very active, Zionists organizations such as: ”Ha-Szomer ha-Cair” (the Joung Guard) referring to the ideology of English scouting, “Hechaluc” (the Pioneer) acting for preparing future emigrants to life in Palestine, and also “Tora we Awodah” (Torah and Work), which opened its own kibbutz shortly before the outbreak of the second world war[1.1].

  • [1.1] S. Piątkowski, Dni życia, dni śmierci… op.cit., p. 82–89.