Anti-Jewish legislation in Hitlerian Germany

The anti-Jewish legislation in Hitlerian Germany – already in April 1933 in Germany an act of the official status was passed that ordered dismissing Jews holding position in the state services (offices, the army, free professions: lawyers, doctors, and also students). A Jew was a member of the Jewish community or a child of members of the Jewish community. On a session on 15th September 1935 in Nuremberg the Reichstag passed the Reich Citizenship Law and the Law for the Protection of German Blood and Honour. The former deprived German Jews the citizenship and gave them ‘belonging to the state’ status. According to the new law, a person was a Jew if he/she had at least three grandparents belonging to the Jewish community. The latter annulled mixed marriages and forbidden sexual intercourses between Jews and not-Jews, and hiring Germans in Jewish households. After the great pogrom known as the Night of Broken Glass in November 1938 a whole series of anti-Jewish resolutions took place. Among these were, for example, aryanization resolutions, which submitted Jewish possessions to the disposal of the State Treasury for the sake of accomplishing a four-year economic plan; excluded Jews from goods manufacturing, crafts and services in the field of small trade; forbidden Jews to purchase estates and turnover of expensive goods; ordered them to deposit of securities. Moreover, gradually Jews were forbidden to enter theaters, cinemas, concert halls, to access any sorts of study, to own cars or radios, and to do the doctor or pharmacy profession. Also separate shops and, after the outbreak of the war, separate air-raid shelters for Jews were indicated. At the beginning of 1939 a curfew for Jews from 8 p.m. was introduced, they were forbidden to travel in sleeping cars, to spend night at some of the hotels or to be in given public places.

The term was created within the framework of the project Zapisywanie świata żydowskiego w Polsce [recording the Jewish environment in Poland], whose author is Anka Grupińska, a well-known Polish journalist and writer, specializing in the modern history of the Polish Jews. The project, initiated in 2006 by the Museum of the History of Polish Jews, consists in recording interviews with Polish Jews from all generations.
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